Ghana is said to have gained the attention of the international community after ROCHA Scientists discovered Cercocebus Lunulatus, a rare terrestrial monkey in the Atiwa Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region.
According to Starr FM report, the Scientist and the researchers discovered the globally threatened White-naped Mangabey (Cercocebus lunulatus) few days ago in the Atiwa Forest using a special infrared camera trap.
The type of special money was according to research, live in only a handful of sites in western Ghana, eastern Cote d’Ivoire and southern Burkina Faso but are now endangered species.
The mangabey, a rare terrestrial monkey is classified as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Redlist of Threatened Species.
The monkeys are said to be human closest creature with almost similar biological traits to that of human beings.
Scientists say, the primates play a very crucial role in pharmacology, biomass formation, research among others hence are highly cherished.
However, some reports say activities of human including poaching and deforestation is completely wiping off the primate population worldwide.
Dr Jeremy Lindsell of Rocha International, the lead Scientist for the new discovery lamented that, “Unfortunately, this newly discovered population of this endangered monkey in Atiwa is threatened by a bauxite mine being planned for this biologically important forest, as well as by snare traps and hunting for the bush-meat trade”.
On his side, the Executive Director for West African Primate Conservation Action (WAPCA), Andrea Dempsey, supports a captive breeding programme for White-naped Mangabeys in Accra and Kumasi zoos.
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“White-naped Mangabeys are so rare that I think these may be the first photographs of them in the wild in Ghana. Finding them in Atiwa Forest gives hope to our efforts to save them. Protecting critical habitat such as Atiwa Forest will be key for their long-term survival,” said.
The Atiwa Forest in Ghana harbours a high diversity of threatened and endemic species including birds, mammals, reptiles, butterflies and amphibians. In recent months, the high economic value of the ecosystem services that Atiwa Forest provides to many Ghanaians was highlighted in a 2016 report to the Government of Ghana titled The Economics of the Atiwa Forest Range, Ghana. Chief amongst these services is the clean water supply flowing from the Atiwa hills on which over five million Ghanaians depend.
This makes it all the more concerning that the Government of Ghana with the Government of China wants to push ahead with plans to extract bauxite – the ore of aluminium – from the Atiwa Hills at Kyebi.
The hilltops of Atiwa will be completely removed during mining because the bauxite deposits are only found in the top few metres.
This is said to destroy all vegetation and associated fauna because bauxite cannot be extracted using a low impact method. Re-establishment of the original flora and fauna on areas that have once been mined is virtually impossible especially with highly complex and biologically rich forests like Atiwa.
“Extracting bauxite from Atiwa Forest is incompatible with biodiversity conservation and the ecosystem services that the forest provides. It will spell the end of the unique and irreplaceable species that the forest contains,” says Jan Kamstra of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Netherlands.
A Rocha, IUCN Netherlands and many other stakeholders including international businesses have advocated for Atiwa Forest reserve to be upgraded to a National Park. The creation of a new National Park at Atiwa has substantial local support, including from the Okyenhene of the Akyem Abuakwa, who is the traditional ruler where the forest is located.
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