More than 50% of Ghana’s grain production is maize. With such a huge demand for maize it is important therefore to understand how best to produce this much needed product. More farmers are interested in growing maize hence the need for useful resources on its production. Here is how to perfect the act of growing maize from scratch. A step by step guide on how to produce maize will guarantee optimal yields.
Growing maize is not rocket science. With a few tips you can turn yourself in a full blown commercial maize farmer.
Commercial maize farming in Ghana
For a long time maize farming in Ghana appeared to be non profitable as farmers got nothing from their hard work despite months of hard labor in the far. The poor performance was attributed to the lack of disease resistant varieties of maize which was a big challenge. Fortunately this has shifted as the continued insistence of farmers for maize varieties that can withstand harsh climatic conditions has finally been met. Maize crop production has improved making it possible for farmers to move from subsistence farming to commercial farming since the yields are guaranteed.
Maize farming in Ghana is taking a shift with more farmers willing to grow the crop for commercial purposes since the demand is guaranteed. The fact that yields are now guaranteed makes it possible for farmers to risk their cash and venture into commercial farming. The improved maize seeds make it possible for farmers to get up to 40 bags of maize from an acre which is a significant improvement from the 4 bags they used to get from traditional seeds. The following tips will help you grow into a great commercial maize farmer.
- Choose a maize variety that guarantees high yields. Talk to area agriculture officers for direction
- Time. Plant early to take advantage of the benefits favorable soil conditions
- Soil rotation in each season works perfectly
- Assess your yield’s potential and do everything possible to promote it
- Scout the fields to identify when to weed, pest issues to control and sol challenges to boost
- Test your soil and invest in good quality seeds.
Maize farming revenues
With increased yields farmers are able to get better revenues from their maize farming venture. Usually farmers get to sell their maize at a price ranging from 35 to 60 cedis from harvest period. This price range remains the same throughout the selling period. Farmers have a chance of making more profits depending on what the number of bags they have harvested. It is advisable to have a maize farming business plan when starting out. You need to have a sense of direction and the business plan will guide you. Keep monitoring your maize production process to know if this is a venture that you will get into on a large scale basis.
With more Ghanaians’ demanding for maize, becoming a farmer is a sure way to reap the benefits that come with it. The secret is to choose the right variety and being patient with it.