Cashew nut farming in Ghana is an old practice that dates back to the 1960s suffering setbacks in 1970s and 1980s. The government had to intervene in 1983 as it identified it as a cash crop for export that would help in diversifying this market. A study of the cashew nut farming journey market in Ghana will give practicing farmers an appreciation of just how far the crop has come.
Cashew nut farming in Ghana has not been an easy thing especially with the ups and downs that the industry has faced every since it was first planted in the 60s. The industry has seen a withdrawal and comeback severally and still survived the challenges to what is seen today. There has had to be several changes in the industry to support cashew nut farming.
Where are cashews grown?
Farmers looking to invest in this kind of farming need to understand the areas that cashew nut does well in. looking at a little history it is revealed that cashew nut started sporadically in regions such as the upper east and upper west regions, Brong-Ahafo and greater Accra region. These are areas that supported cashew nut growth because of their climatic conditions which include:
- Altitude of 1000m above sea level
- 900-1400mm rainfall
- Temperatures of between 20 to 34 degrees
Even with these conditions cashew nut farming experienced certain setbacks in the 70s because of lack of policy support. Lack of industries, market structures and information on husbandry practices led to farmers being demoralized thus leading to abandonment of the project.
Cashew farming revenues in Ghana
Fortunately the government got interested in this industry and worked to revive it in 1983.the liberalization and establishment of markets encouraged more farmers to join the industry. Farmers thus reinvested in the industry which saw Ghana export a total of 15 metric tons by 1991. This production has been increasing steadily over the years. In 2013 the sales registered were up to 170 million US dollars. Cashew nut has risen to become the second largest foreign exchange earner and export crop from Ghana. The current production stands at 50000 metric tons with processing plants that support the processing of up to 70,000 metric tons being set up. This does not account for the large export market that is available. Farmers can make more money with Cashew nut farming especially if they have a great cashew farming business plan.
The most important thing is to stick to tested and tried cashew farming tips. Be part of the people benefiting from cashew nut farming in Ghana. This industry has revolutionized agriculture and proven that farming can be an income earner that sustains livelihoods. There may still be numerous challenges facing this industry but the fact that its gains are guaranteed makes it a worthy venture especially considering the fact that the government and other stakeholders are working on fixing these issues.
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