Back then when the colour of your skin dictated how you were treated ,the application of human rights was selective.Long gone are those days however. Now every single being is entitled to their rights and also report if the rights are infringed upon. Find out more in this article.
Fundamental human rights in Ghana
What is a human right? Simply put human rights are the most basic rights that are granted to an individual from birth, or rather are born with the individual. They are rights enjoyed by individuals from birth until the time of their deaths. Human rights cannot be separated from the person, meaning they can never be taken away from the person who enjoys them. These rights are universal as they apply to people regardless of their different skin color, religion, sex and ethnicity.
Fundamental human rights in Ghana, as in any other country, are based on some values including;
- Equality of persons
The human rights in Ghana are enshrined in the constitution of Ghana under article five. Human rights in Ghana constitution are very precise. The chapter begins by giving the individual rights the force of the law by declaring that the rights are enforceable by the courts in Ghana. It goes further and gives the categories of people who enjoy these fundamental rights (it entitles fundamental rights to every individual).
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Below is a list of human rights in Ghana as enshrined in the constitution:
- The right to life - The right to life, however, is limited and no person shall be liable for the death of another in cases of war or when the death is justifiable under law.
- Right to personal liberty – this is not an absolute right meaning it can be taken away from you in some special circumstances for example when an arrest warrant is issued, when you are arrested for contempt of court among others.
- An individual has to be informed of their rights when they are arrested and they have a right of representation by a lawyer of their preference
- An arrested individual should not stay for more than 48 hours in detention. They should, in the 48 hours, be taken before a court of law in Ghana. Arresting is the work of the bodies mandated by law to do so, like the Police. Anyone arrested and detained by an individual is entitled to compensation.
- An arrested individual should not undergo torture or any situation that is detrimental to their dignity as human beings
- The law is not bias, so everybody Is equal and no one is above the law
- Everybody has a right against discrimination
- Every person has the right to own property in any part of Ghana
- Every person has a right to a fair hearing that should take place within a reasonable timeline
- Every person has a freedom to speak as they wish.
- Every person has a right to practice any religion
- Every person has a freedom of movement
- Every individual has a right to medical treatment
- You are required to give proper care to your children
Where do you report human rights violations in Ghana?
The human rights cases in Ghana are dealt by the court as stated in the constitution of Ghana. However, there are some other institutions that you can approach to report cases of human rights violations. Below is a list of human rights institutions in Ghana you can approach;
- Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice
- Human Rights Watch organization
- There are human rights lawyers in Ghana you can approach.