BECE marks and grades is what separates academic performers from the non-performers. This goes without saying, both Ghana education system (GES) and Senior high school prospective students, look up to this exams for different reasons. GES is primarily concerned with the quality of outcome, which is used as an indicator for the overall performance and progress of Ghana’s education system. The students, however, are more focused on their academic future. Therefore, the grading system used plays a significant role in determining the quality of BECE results.
In the previous years, it has been observed that two types of grading system were used. Both of these systems, Stanine and 9-scale criterion-referenced reading system, highly depended on BECE raw, score or marks from the students. This means that the quality of performance is not as highly dependent on the grading system as it is on student’s performance on the individual subject. This, however, does not reduce the importance of learning how to calculate your results. Below is a detailed procedure that can be used to calculate your BECE results.
How to calculate BECE results
Information is such a crucial component, more so, when fear of the unknown keeps pressing on your mental ability to stay calm. This is true for most candidates who wrote their BECE exams, and are waiting for their results. Questions such as how to calculate BECE results and BECE grading scale keep their minds in a continuous thought cycle. There are a lot of factor in play, including the prospects of being enrolled into a good senior high school.
Exams by nature were designed to mobilize and test. It mobilizes by giving major stakeholders a sense of direction on what they need to do and how they need to approach the sector when creating content for the education system. For students, examination does more than just testing their abilities. For starters, it encourages the student to work towards achieving good performance in class while maintaining good quality grades. It is also used as a means to measure your progress as a student, therefore, know where your progress, weaknesses, and strengths, thus make conscious efforts to improve your grades.
BECE exam is one of the most important examinations in Ghana’s education system. To maximize the purpose of examination, you need to understand WAEC grading scale and the procedure used by the exam body to calculate BECE results. This will ensure that you make deliberate efforts that will give you high yielding results that match expectations of most reputable senior high schools. Most pupils, however, do not know how to calculate BECE results. Luckily, below is a detailed process that you can follow when calculating your BECE results:
- Marking using the marking scheme is the first step when computing BECE results. From the marking process, you get to know the wrong and right answers per subject.
- Count the number of correct answers and note down.
- Divide the correct answers by the total number of questions asked. (e.g., 30/50)
- The quotient should be in decimal points or a fraction. (e.g. 0.6 or 3/5)
- Multiply the quotient by 100% to get a percentage. (e.g. 0.6*100%= 60%) Note: This calculation is done on the individual subject.
- With the percentage in hand, pull out the grading table as prepared using the stanine method or the new flexible 9-scale criterion-referenced grading system and match your raw score, i.e., 60% to the marks on the chart.
- Once you have identified its rightful place, you will be able to know its corresponding grade, following the 1 to 9 grading strategy.
BECE marks and their grades
As a student, getting ready to for the BECE exams might be motivated by several factors including the urge to join the best high school. This means that as much as you increase your knowledge, you also have to study the right way to pass the exams. Understanding the marks and grades for BECE, early in advance will allow you to come up with a study strategy that will be objectively targeted towards achieving the good grades. Below are marks and their grades in BECE that you need to hold close to your heart so that you can create a successful reading plan.
Those students who score 90-100 percent receive the A+ grade, which according to the Stanine grading system is 1; the highest grade in the system. A is the following grade taking number 2 according to the Stanine grading system, comprising of students who score between 80-89 percent; and classified as higher. 70-79 percent attracts a HIGH title accompanied by a B+ grade and number 3 in the Stanine grading system. Grade B, characterized by marks between 60-69 and number 4 in the Stanine grading system is denoted as high average, which is a positive reputation. The c grades take the 5th and 6th number respectively in the grading system, both falling under the average category. 55-60 percent take the fifth number and a C+ grade, which is titled average, whereas, 50-54 being a C grade and number 6, described as low average. The last three grades have the ‘LOW’ title with grade D being the highest. Pupils who score 40-49 percent fall in the D grade, which is category number 7, and is described as low. 35-39 percent is graded as E and is number 8; denoted by lower. 9 is the lowest, comprising of pupils who attained a percentage between 0-34, which is graded as F.
WAEC Ghana grading system
Basic education in Ghana, described as the first nine years of schooling in Ghana for students aged between six to fifteen, is free for all. This education is seen as a minimum and mandatory formal education that every Ghanaian needs to access, to improve his or her efficiency in the society. At this level of education, the pupils are taught subjects that are aimed at improving their capacity. These subjects include;
- French (it is an optional subject)
- Ghanaian Language and Culture,
- Integrated Science,
- Agricultural Science,
- Pre-Technical Skills (inclusive of Technical Drawing),
- Environmental Studies,
- Life Skills,
- Religious/Moral Education,
- Music & Dance, and
- Physical Education.
The performance of students in all of these subjects, determine the quality of grade a student will get. Nonetheless, each subject has a minimum pass mark that students have to attain as defined by the basic educational concepts. Grading of exams, therefore, uses scores from students, in each of these subjects, to grade the student. Below is a discussion on the grading systems used during the grading of exam results.
Old grading system; BECE
The old system of processing and grading BECE result is called the stanine system. This system can be simply described as a 9-scale standardized grading system, which makes it easy for the exam body to compare the students, grade them, issue certificates and use it for senior high school or other technical institution selection. In this system, the grades are fixed and highly dependent on the number of students writing the exam. A notable character in this grading system is that the standardized grades remain unchanged in each year.
The stanine system works by translating raw scores into a scale, which are assigned numbers 1 to. In this system, a student can know his or her position in a particular subject in a given year, within his or her cohort. Stanine system proved easy for computation and certification. Nonetheless, these system has its disadvantages. Some of which is the difficulty it presents when seeking to know if there has been any improvement in performance of students over the years. In addition to this, it is difficult to have an accurate comparison between students.
New grading system
The new grading system was proposed in the late 1900s. The grading system, which is popularly known as the flexible 9-scale criterion-referenced grading system, transformed the grading from fixed stanine to a more flexible way of assessing performance and grading. It has three critical elements that need to be keenly considered. These elements include grade description, grade setting, and grade cut-off points. Grade description, in this case, consists of the ability to show competencies by a student to get crucial grades, i.e., grade 2 to 8. The grade setting is done by taking marked examination scripts, which is then used to guide the scores to be used in grade allocation. After setting the critical grade scares, you use them to determine the cut off scores for the subsequent grades.
In the new system, the word fail has been replaced with lowest, which changes the perception and attitude of pupils who attain the lowest grades. It shifts the focus and discussions from a bright vs. stupid to recognizing your strengths and working on them.
BECE marks and grades 2017
2017 BECE marks and grades, used in the new WAEC grading system, were derived from BECE raw score 2017. In the new grading system, pupils are graded in using numerical numbers that is from grade 1 to grade 9. Grade 9 is the lowest while grade 1 is the highest performer in this kind of grading system.
Marks and grades for BECE are attained following a detailed marking scheme. Marking schemes provide answers and guidelines on how students answer sheets are supposed to be market. A good example of a marking scheme is BECE marking scheme 2017, which was prepared per paper, which was used by the assessing team to differentiate the correct answer from the wrong answer.
During the release of BECE exams 2017, it was noted that up to 3000 students did not sit for the exams. Those who sat for the exams, recorded a remarkable result, apart from a few who were caught on fraudulent engaging, as it was reported. The Stanine grading system was used with grade 1 being comprised of the best performance while grade 9 being the lowest in the performance grades.
Listed below, is a more precise illustration of the grading system used, to match marks and award grades in 2017 BECE results.
- 90-100 is graded as 1, GRADE A+ . It is the HIGHEST grade in the grading system.
- 80-89, the second category in this classification is graded as 2, GRADE A. it is denoted as HIGHER.
- 70-79, is grade 3, a B+ and is described as HIGH.
- 4th grade, GRADE B, described as HIGH AVERAGE is any mark between 60-69.
- 55 – 60 is GRADE C+, classified as 5 and described as AVERAGE.
- LOW AVERAGE is a description of marks falling between 50-54 and GRADE C; number 6 in the grading system.
- Any mark ranging between 40-49 is considered as GRADE D+ and number 7; described as LOW
- 35-39 is GRADE E which is number 8, described as LOWER in the Stanine grading system.
- GRADE F, 9 characterized by 9 is the LOWEST grade, which falls between 0-34.