Immunization schedule in Ghana 2018

Immunization schedule in Ghana 2018

What creeps into your mind when the word immunization is mentioned? What triggers that sensation that it is as important as childhood breastfeeding is? Have you ever heard of self-wanted disability? Neither have I. This however is the main consequence of not immunizing your child, if death is not the case. A record number of 1.5 million children under the age of 5 years die yearly as a result of vaccine preventable diseases or rather, parental ignorance. However this piece is here to save you, helping you catch up with the immunization schedule in Ghana 2018 to help save a life, save a future.

Immunization schedule in Ghana 2018

Source: Ghana Health Nest

Immunization Schedule in Ghana

It is very impressive and encouraging to note that the government of Ghana’s efforts on the issue is tremendous if not great. The immunization schedule for infants in Ghana includes the administering of the “Five in One” vaccine that seeks to prevent some the deadliest diseases: Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Haemophilus Influenzae b and Hepatitis B from attacking the Ghanaian children. The drug which was introduced way back in January 2002, is specifically designed for children under the age of 2 years. Any administering to children above this age may cause harm due to the Pertussis component in it.(>6.1. html)

The childhood immunization schedule in Ghana does not only seek to protect the children from those five deadly diseases, but from also a wide range and variety of more. However, we shall look at how vaccines for some of the most common are vaccinated, that might just help us.

Hepatitis B

Infants should receive their first dosage of the vaccine at birth. This is so to prevent this disease that causes liver cancer in its latter stages. The second dose is administered at the age of between 1 to 4 months for the child. The third dose is the given at the period between 6 to 18 months for the child.


Immunizations for this very deadly disease MUST be administered to the born child. This is done when the child attains the age of 2,4 or 6 to 18 months. The child is either given the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) or the Inactivated Polio Vaccine(IPV)

Immunization schedule in Ghana 2018

Source: Gavi, the Vaccine Allianc


The vaccine to this disease is usually administered from 12 months to 15 months. The next might be later on in life, but it can also be administered 4 weeks after the first provided the first was after 12 months.

H Influenza Type B

The vaccine is given in three periods at the age of 2 months, 4 months, 6 months after the baby is born. The fourth vaccine is usually administered at the age of 12 to 15 months

Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis Vaccine

Being one of the most common combinations of diseases, the vaccine follows that it is also one of the most important. They are all vaccinated against using the acellular Pertussis (AP) vaccine which is linked to have lesser side effects compared to the last used vaccine. It is administered the ages of 2, 4 and 6 months .The fourth is done usually at the age of 15-18 months with the fifth being done in 4-6 years using the Krinix Vaccine.

READ ALSO: Brief History of Ghana Health Service

Looking keenly, you may notice that the immunization schedule in Ghana from 0-18 months is very little different from this. This is because these are some of the most common diseases affecting our little babies that are vaccinated against.

Immunization schedule in Ghana 2018

Source: Department of Global Health - University of Washington Photo of a nurse preparing a vaccine in Accra Ghana

The Tetanus immunization schedule in Ghana also come in handy as it is a vaccine that is persistent throughout a person’s life. Intensive campaigns that have been held to rally against it, are totally worth the time as the disease does not paralyze unlike polio, but it kills infants and even young children. The shot which is administered to children up to the age of six years and to adult at ten year periods is important as the disease can cause intense muscle rigidity. Though it is not transmitted from person to person, its natural means through fresh wounds might be just as lethal.

The current immunization schedule in Ghana seeks to include the developments and vaccines added to the global immunization chart. This new immunization schedule in Ghana integrates up to date global facts about the dangers of the vaccinable diseases and the new findings on how to tackle them. The immunization schedule table in Ghana shows this additions clearly, structuring the disease, vaccination period in terms of age in months or years and also the type of vaccine administered to the child and the method, whether through injections or oral.

Immunization programme in Ghana

Source: Washington Times

So far, the immunization program in Ghana has covered 90% to the a 2014 Ghana Health Service report. This is a remarkable improvement worth of celebrating the lives the government has saved since through immunization. This includes the rural areas of Ghana where access has been improved and the number of children vaccinated yearly growing.

The immunization schedule for babies in Ghana is an important factor that no parent should dare overlook if they want to assure of the safety of the child. The immunization that is done on an annual basis is meant to help improve the life of the citizens by reducing the number of child mortalities caused duly by the vaccine preventable diseases. The government which funds this, ensure coverage of almost all if not all of the citizens to give make their right to good medical health care accessible to them. They say, if you think knowledge is expensive, try ignorance. Same case applies here. If you think vaccinating your child is expensive, try ignoring this.

READ ALSO: Ghana Health Service in need of doctors


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