Getting your Ramadan timetable will help you plan better this season. Ramadan Mubarak to all Muslim friends in Ghana. Muslims from all corners of Africa and the circumference of the planet recognize and fully respect the month of Ramadan. Ramadan comes just after the last day of shabaal (the 8th month of Islamic calendar). It is the 9th month and is exceptionally set aside for praying and fasting. All Muslims from all corners of Ghana and the world at large abstain from eating, drinking, any form of abusive language and sex.
Ramadan is one of most respected names of Allah Ta’aalaa. It is believed that Allah ta’aalaa burns all human sins with strong fire, forgives and forgets. It’s from this fact where Ramadan meaning “the intense heat” may have been derived. Intense heat according to Ramadan is also meant to manifest the high temperatures in the stomach during fasting. This article will narrow down to look at the history of Ramadan and Ramadan timetable in 2020.
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History of Ramadan
The 9th lunar month of the Islamic calendar marks a holy month with religious significance to all Muslims of the world. The avoidance of eating and drinking is to reserve the whole time of the day for praying. Ramadan is one of the five pillars of the Islamic religion. Fasting begins very early in the morning even before the stars escape due to light of the day. Ramadan is guided by the lunar cycles and the beginning of the 9th cycle marks the beginning of the holy Ramadan month. The primary activity on this holy month is praying, reciting Quran surah, showing sympathy to the less fortunate members of the society and so on.
The origin of Ramadan is traced way back in 600 EC at the city of Mecca. According to most Islamic texts, Ramadan is associated with the Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad was born about 570 EC at Mecca City in Saudi Arabia. His parents past on when he was still very young but he eventually grew up in Mecca from the support of relatives. He got married to Khadija when he was 25. All through his age, he felt dissatisfaction in his life in Mecca, some spiritual fulfilment was missing in his soul. He would frequently move to spent most of his time in solitude. He did this by going to the cave of Mt. AL-Hira to meditate his burning life questions. He had religious emotion since he was younger, this might have been the cause of his dissatisfaction.
One day during the 9th cycle of the lunar, Muhammad while in a cave at Mt. Al-Hila, had a vision that angel Gabriel came visited him. He commanded Muhammad to read scripture, which he had but he refused. Muhammad refused to read it two consecutive times but the angel Gabriel final said unto him, “Proclaim in thy Allah, God of cherisher who created man out of blood clot congealed blood, proclaim thy lord is the most bountiful, who taught by the pen, taught man that which he never knew.”
Angel Gabriel then disclosed to Muhammad that he was a messenger from God. Prophet Muhammad was strongly afraid of this and he ran away from the cave. As he descended the mountain, he saw the angel on the sky moving above him. When he reached home, he narrated all that has happened to his wife Khadija, and some prominent wise men in Mecca. All that he was advised was that he was a chosen person of God. Immediately after receiving this strange revelation from Gabriel, all the important surah and scripts of the Quran were sent to the world. This marked the beginning of Ramadan and the Islamic religion in general. Today, the Islamic religion has over 1 billion follows all across the world and is ranked as the second-largest religion in the world after Christianity.
Time table of Ramadan 2020
Many Muslims have always asked when Ramadan 2020 is. It's finally here with us. Ramadan is not a celebration festival as what most people would confuse. It’s a spiritual time set aside for prayers. It’s an obligation to take suhoor before commencing a fasting day. Allah blesses suhoor and so the day of Ramadan. Ramadan starts immediately after taking suhoor early in the morning. The time to take sunoor or start fasting varies significantly from country to country due to geographical location. In Ghana alone, Muslims do not begin fasting at the same time. The different major towns in Ghana has different timetables when fasting is scheduled to start and various prayers of the day eventual the time to take iftar. Important messages of saum makbul, Ramadan Kareem are usual common over the Ramadan period.
As what has always been the case, a day of Ramadan has five main prayers. The time for these prayers from different areas determines the timetable for Ramadan. In 2020, Ramadan started on 23rd of April at 5:07 am West African time. These Salah include the following:
This is the initial Salah of the day. In Accra, it is usually done between 5:05 am- 5:15 depending on the day. This is however very different from other towns and cities of Ghana. Each town has its own time when they are supposed to take this prayer. It is done after taking suhoor and marks the beginning of saumu. It’s an important Salah especial during Ramadan.
This is the second important prayer of the day. It is done between 12:25-12:35 depending on the day and cities Ghana. This prayer is characterized by khutba (sermons) from prominent Islamic leaders. Muslims during this prayer session share different scripts, encouragement words e.t.c.
Important Salah which is taken between 3:45-3:50 pm depending on the date and city of Ghana. During Ramadan, this prayer is also characterized by Khutba, and script reciting. Most Muslims would prefer staying at the mosque after this prayer to wait for Maghrib.
Maghreb and iftaar
This is the most important prayer during the month of Ramadan. It is usually done just before the iftaar (breaking meal) between 6:30-6:34 in most cities of Ghana. Allah blesses this breaking prayer more than he does to other prayers. After the Maghrib prayers, Muslims break their fast by taking dates, water, juices, fruits and many other soft foods. Main dishes are often taken just before isha prayers. In Ghana, Muslims prefer taking boiled beef, roast chicken strews, rice and many more foods. They invite friends, family members and neighbours to share their dinner.
This Salah is done immediately having dinner. In most cities of Ghana, It is done between 7:45 to 8:00. It’s the final prayer of the day. It is considered as one of tarawih (night prayers) Salah and therefore very important to Muslims. It’s a mandatory prayer especial during the month of Ramadan. These five major prayers determine Ramadan timetable and calendar of Ghana and other countries of the world. 2018 Ramadan timetable in Ghana has shown no difference. Followers from different major cities can access the timetable from prominent websites like kfoods.com. It gives exclusively accurate times when fasting should start and when it should stop. Some of the important cities in Ghana which have different timetables include: Abetifi, Aburi, Accra, Achimota, Akuse, Ashanti, Cape coast, Akosombo, Kenyase, Legon among others.
Below is a screenshot of the timetable for all the activities over the Ramadan 2020 in Accra Ghana.
You can access Ramadan dates and timetable for other major towns in Ghana by visiting official Islamic Websites in Ghana.
Important prayers on the 27th day of Ramadan
The night of the 27th day of Ramadan is a special holy night which meant for prayers and scripts of the Holy Quran. The program of this date is usually different for each year depending on the calendar of Ramadan. In 2020, the program for the 27th day will be as follows;
- Suhoor will be taken at 2:59 am. It compulsory and has Allah has blessed he who takes Suhooh.
- Fajr jamat (prayer assemble) will be conducted at 3:30 am;
- Dhuhr Salah will be done at exactly 1:10 West Africa time;
- Asr will be done at 5:35;
- Iftar will be taken at 9:35.
Finally, Isha Jamat (prayer assemble) will be conducted at 11:00 pm. All Muslims are expected to undertake Tarawih (night prayers) over the entire period of Ramadan since it’s a very important prayer. People who might fail to fast during Ramadan may include: the aged, sick people and kids.
This marks the first day of the 10th months of the Islamic calendar (swawwa) and also the end of Ramadan. During this day, Muslims are not supposed to fast rather eat and drink with family and friends. A lot of khutba is usually given at mosques from prominent Islamic leaders. Muslims are also encouraged to give zakat (charity things) in the form of food, clothing or even money. They spend most of the day listening to hadith and reciting scripts from the holy Quran. In 2018, Ramadan ends on 15 June, therefore, Eid-al-fitr is expected to on 16th June.
Muslims all over the world were eagerly waiting for this month because they consider it as a time when there is increased well-being and inner peace. The Muslims are expected to fast during this month. An adult Muslim; female or male who has reached puberty, who is not sick or insane is expected to fast during Ramadan since the Ramadan meaning is symbolic and important. A person is not expected to fast if he or she is sick but he or she is expected to fast after the Ramadan in order to complete the missed days. Sickness can be temporary in which the person will be cured soon. If the person is cured during Ramadan, he or she will fast after the Ramadan to compensate the days lost.
During the Ramadan 2018, people who are sick with an illness that is incurable and he or she expects no better health is not allowed to fast but he or she should pay the fidyah, which involves giving meals for the days he or she has fasted to the poor. Another option is that he or she can decide to give an equivalent amount of money to poor people. In addition, women who are at their menses including post-natal bleeding are not expected to fast, but they should make up the fast after the Ramadan. Pregnant women and mothers breastfeeding their babies can postpone their fasting to a time when they can fast.
The Ramadan rules define travelling as a journey that makes you move away from your city of residence, which is a minimum of 80 kilometres or 48 miles. The journey should be of good cause and if possible one is expected to change their plans of travelling during Ramadan in order to have time to fast and he or she should not travel unless it is necessary. In case one decides to travel and misses to fast he or she should make up for the days later after the Ramadan.
Fasting according to the Sunnah
One is expected to take sahur which is a pre-dawn meal. This is Sunnah and is believed that there is a blessing and a great reward for a person taking sahur. The time that is considered best for one to take Sahur is the last hour before or during the time for Fajr prayer. In addition, one should take iftar, which is break-fast immediately after the sunsets. The sunset according to Shariah is when the sun disk sinks below the horizon and it completely disappears.
During Ramadan, the Muslims are expected to avoid false deeds and talks. They are not expected to quarrel, indulge in arguments, have disputes, do anything that is forbidden, or use bad words. They are expected to discipline themselves ethically and morally, besides gaining discipline and physical training during this time. The Muslims are also not expected to make a show of their fasting by showing dry lips or hungry stomach, talking too much about the fasting or displaying a bad temper. The person fasting should be pleased with good cheer and good spirits.
During Ramadan, the Muslims are expected to do the acts of goodness and charity to others and at the same time increase their reading and worship of the Quran. They should even try to read the whole Quran during the month of Ramadan.
Things that make the fast invalid
There are things that make the fast invalid and require qadaa. First, if one eats, drinks or smokes deliberately, including consuming non-nourished substances through the nose or mouth. Second, if one deliberately causes himself or herself to vomit. Third, if one experiences the menstrual cycle or post-childbirth bleeding. Fourth, if one engages in sexual intercourse or has a sexual contact such as masturbation that leads to the discharge of sexual fluid through the male organ or vaginal secretion. Fifth, if one eats, smokes, drinks or has sexual intercourse after dawn (Fajr) on the assumption that it is not yet Fajr time. In addition, engaging in the acts before sunset (Maghrib) by assuming that it is already Maghrib time.
Taking part in sexual intercourse is forbidden during fasting. Individuals who engage in sexual intercourse during fasting are expected to make qadda’ which means making up for the fast. They are also expected to make kaffarah which means expiation by fasting for 60 days after the Ramadan or they can feed 60 poor people for the days they have broken the fast.
Things that make fasting valid
During fasting, there are things that are permissible. First, people engaging in fasting should take a shower or bath. If one swallows water involuntarily during bath it will not make the fast invalid. Swimming is also allowed during the fast, but individuals should avoid diving because it will cause water to go from the nose or mouth into the stomach. Second, people can use perfumes, use eye drops or wear contact lenses. Third, one can have a blood test or injection. Fourth, one can use toothbrush or tooth-stick and rinse the nostrils or mouth with water, provided he or she does not overdo it. Fifth, if one eats, drinks, or smokes unintentionally, that is, if he or she forgets that he or she was fasting. He is expected to immediately stop as soon as he or she remembers. Sixth, if one sleeps during the day and experiences wet-dream, it will not break the fast. Also, if one engages in sexual intercourse at night and is not able to take a bath before dawn, he or she can bath later after the fast. Women who their menstrual cycle stops during the night can start fasting even if they have not taken a bath.
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