List of East African countries and their capitals

List of East African countries and their capitals

All East African countries have a capital city that serves as the administrative centre of the country. In most cases, these cities are the busiest and are often considered the backbone of the countries’ economies. In fact, it is in these cities that most of the national headquarters of corporations are based. Most companies and financial institutions are also situated in the capitals. It is, therefore, crucial to know the cities that you are looking at, especially if you are interested in traveling to any of the countries.

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The following is a list of all the East African countries capitals. Knowing which city is the capital will help you make decisions. More so, if you are a foreigner. If you are interested in accessing all the resources with ease, then staying at the capital will be ideal. Check out what these cities are in the different East African countries.

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Countries in East Africa

Before looking at East African countries with their capitals, it helps to know what these countries are.

Some of the countries classified as Eastern African include Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Those who have asked ‘is Somalia in East Africa?’ can be assured that it is. The following is a list of the east African countries with their capital cities. This is a breakdown of East African countries map. It also settles the concerns of how many countries make the East African community.

  • Burundi - Bujumbura
  • Djibouti - Djibouti
  • Eritrea - Asmara
  • Ethiopia - Addis Ababa
  • Kenya - Nairobi
  • Rwanda - Kigali
  • Somalia - Mogadishu
  • Sudan - Khartoum
  • Tanzania - Dodoma
  • Uganda - Kampala

East African countries list


As shown earlier, the capital city of Burundi is Bujumbura. It is the largest city in Burundi. It is also the main port of Burundi as it is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.


The capital city of Djibouti is Djibouti. It is the largest inhabited city of Djibouti. It is located 21km from the North-west border of Somalia. It is one of the world’s warmest and driest cities.


Its capital city is Asmara which is the largest city in Eritrea. It has a population of over 800,000. It is the 6th capital city worldwide when ranked by its high altitude.


The capital is known as Addis Ababa which an Amharic word meaning new flower. It is ranked third in altitude among all cities in the world. It is the largest city in Ethiopia which serves as the administrative and communication centreof the country.


Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya. It is one of the most dynamic cities in East Africa. It has a population of over 4 million people. It has a national park and is often referred to as the green city in the sun. It also serves as the principal administrative, economic and cultural centre of the nation of Kenya.


Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda. This city is the largest in Rwanda. It has an international airport and roads leading to the borders of the country.


The capital city of Somalia is Mogadishu. It contains the largest harbour in the country. It, therefore, serves as the major seaport for the country along the Indian Ocean. Most of the residents live in poverty due to the long years of fighting within the country.


Khartoum is the capital city of North Sudan. It is the largest city in the country with a population of about 3 million people. It is at this city that the blue and white Niles meet to form the main Nile River.

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The capital city of Tanzania is Dodoma although Dares Salaam was the first capital. Dares Salaam is considered the most populous Swahili speaking city in the world. It has 4.5 million inhabitants. Tanzania is one of the East African countries that speak Swahili.


The capital city of Uganda is Kampala. It is a city of hills as it has several rolling hills. It has a population of 1.5 million and is rapidly expanding.

With the above descriptions, it is easy to get familiar with any country bordering Tanzania and Rwanda as you strive to understand the population in the East African countries.

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List of East African countries by population

There were several East African countries controlled by Europe during the colonization period. This may not be the case today. However, it is believed that some of these countries are still influenced by the said countries.

East Africa landlocked countries

  • Uganda
  • Rwanda
  • Burundi

List of East African countries by GDP (value in US dollars)

  • Kenya 70.53 billion
  • Somalia 6.2 billion
  • Eritrea 2.6 billion
  • Ethiopia 72.37 billion
  • Uganda 21 billion
  • Rwanda 8.376 billion
  • Burundi 2.48 billion
  • Tanzania 36.6 billion

All these countries under the East African community can do better economically especially if their resources are managed well. The East African countries have a lot of potential for economic growth and progress.

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Source: UGC

Safest East African countries

This is probably one of the categories that will come in handy for tourists. Some of the safest East African countries, those that are known to enjoy regular peace include.

  • Kenya
  • Rwanda
  • Tanzania
  • Ethiopia

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These are some of the countries that are known to enjoy regular peace. The level of security is also quite high in the mentioned countries.

The details outlined in this article are just a few of the things that you can find interesting about East African countries. Most of these are facts are figures. However, for one to experience the culture and diversity of the people of this region, it is advisable to visit the countries in person. Interact with the individuals of the countries to get a feel of who they are and what they stand for. This calls for personal experience and the best way to get it is by visiting the country you find interesting.

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