Short term and long term effects of abortion

Short term and long term effects of abortion

Knowing about the effects of abortion is very important. These effects can be short term or long term. If you know the effects, then chances are that you will know whether to do it or not. Abortions can be done medically. But, due to the societal expectations, many people are afraid to abort especially if there are medical complications involved. There are times that the doctor will recommended that the foetus growing inside should be removed to avoid complications or the death of the mother. Other reasons why abortion is carried out include unplanned pregnancies, lack of resources to raise the child, pregnancy out of rape and poor decision making among others. Whatever the reason is for abortion, it is always necessary to seek the doctor’s advice.

effects of abortion
physical effects of abortion
long term effects of abortion

Deciding to abort or not can take a toll on your emotional and psychological well-being. At one point, you will be thinking about the implications of your actions, that is, the effects of abortion. On the other hand, you could think that it is only through abortion that you can avoid life threatening complications or end an unwanted pregnancy. Then, there is also a lot of pressure from the society. You are afraid that people will call you names. You also become afraid of not getting children in future when you will desperately need them. For these reasons, it is wise to seek advice from doctors so that you can make a wise decision.

Effects of abortion

Some people have undergone successful abortions that have not had any effects on them. However, there are other women who have had to endure short term and long term effects and complications due to the methods of abortion they might have used. This article discusses the effects of abortion.

Physical effects of abortion

Here are some of the effects and complications that one may experience in the body.

1. Abdominal pain and cramping

If the abortion was not successful, you might experience abdominal pain that will not go away easily. You could also experience cramping and this can be quite uncomfortable. Period-type of pain should not be a cause for alarm. However if it extends to more than two weeks, you should see a doctor.

2. Nausea

It is also possible for you to feel nauseous. If this feeling is intense, you might end up feeling ill and you should see the doctor again.

3. Excessive bleeding

If an abortion is successful, you are not supposed to bleed. Therefore, if you find yourself bleeding excessively, there must be a problem that needs fixing.

4. Vomiting

After an abortion, you could also vomit especially because of the nauseous feeling.

5. Diarrhoea

You can also diarrhoea. When it becomes intense, see the doctor again. Remember that these symptoms can really take a toll on your body leaving you weak. Therefore, if you experience any of them, rush to the hospital immediately. These are the side effects of an unsuccessful abortion.

6. Infections in the womb

If you have an infection in the womb, it means that you might experience complications when pregnant. The good thing is that the doctor can administer antibiotics which can remove the infections.

7. Death

You could also die if the correct procedures are not followed. There have been cases whereby some women died due to excessive bleeding or some other complications.

side effects of an unsuccessful abortion
emotional effects of abortion
good side effects of abortion

The effect of abortions on future pregnancies and fertility

If the abortion is carried out successfully, you should not be afraid of getting pregnant again in the future. As a matter of fact, a woman can get pregnant within a short period after the procedure. As such, it is wise for a woman to use contraceptives if they do not intend to get pregnant.

However, your fertility and the chances of getting pregnant in future can be affected if there is a womb infection. This particular happens if the infection is not treated soon enough. This infection can spread to other parts of your reproductive system such as the fallopian tube and the ovaries. This condition is usually known as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

When you have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, you can become infertile. Also, there are chances that you could have an ectopic pregnancy, one that grows in the fallopian tubes.

It goes without saying, therefore, that if you experience any of the abortion effects listed above, you should seek medical advice. The doctor will know the kind of treatment to administer so that the effects do not develop.

Note that carrying out abortion several times is not healthy for you. In future, you are likely to give birth to a premature baby. Taking care of a premature baby can affect you emotionally and financially, which is why you should avoid aborting as much as possible.

Emotional effects of abortion

Abortion, most of the times is usually a personal choice. However, it is never an easy process and women are emotionally affected in different ways. Notably, emotional effects of abortion are very common as opposed to the physical effects. Physical effects such as bleeding can be dealt with immediately. But with emotional effects, you might have to keep fighting battles in your mind for a long time after the abortion. This explains why you need to consult with your doctor or counselor before aborting.

One of the main reasons you are likely to experience emotional effects is due to the belief you had a baby. There are some people who believe that a foetus is not a baby and thus removing it is not bad. If you have this attitude, then you will not suffer emotionally. Then, there are other people who believe that from the moment they conceive, they are carrying life inside them. To them, aborting is killing an innocent child. If you carry this belief, you will be emotionally and psychologically tortured for quite a long time.

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Listed below are some of the emotional and psychological effects of abortion;

1. Regret

You are likely to regret why you carried out the abortion. After the abortion, it becomes clear to you that carrying the child was not really a bad idea. This goes ahead to haunt them.

2. Anger

After aborting, some people tend to resent themselves. They create hatred due to the thought that they are murders. Such people can project their anger to others thus ruining their social relationships. They probability of harming themselves is also fairly high.

3. Shame

Abortion due to other reasons save for medical complications makes people ashamed of the action. The situation gets worse especially when people learn about it.

4. Loss of confidence

Aborting a foetus because someone was afraid of what the future would be like makes them lose confidence. They might start questioning their ability to handle challenges or mistakes in the future.

5. Insomnia and nightmares

Sleeping becomes a problem when the thought of the child strikes them.

6. Depression

One may fall into a deep state of regret, hence get depressed due to the action. At this state, the person is capable of doing anything to themselves that may hurt them so bad or even kill them.

long term effects of abortion
side effects of an unsuccessful abortion
emotional effects of abortion

Perhaps, one may feel relieved that the pregnancy is finally out, and considers this as one of the good side effects of abortion.

Summary: Emotional effects can be worse than physical effects. Encourage someone going through this to seek help from a counselor or stick by them.


Whether aborting is bad or not depends on your personal beliefs. However, you must be ready to face the short term and long term effect of your actions. The physical effects such as diarrhea, bleeding, cramping, vomiting and nausea can be treated with antibiotics. Contrary, the emotional effects can take a toll on you. This is the reason why you must do a lot of soul searching to know if aborting is the best choice for you. Determine if you can handle the effects of abortion. If the doctor says that there is no way out, you need to comply.


The information in this article is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content including text, graphics, images, and information contained on or available through this page is for general information purposes only.

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