Just like most skills in life, leadership skills must be learned through practice and hard work. There are 6 common types of management styles that are usually used in today’s business world. Every single one of them, has their own advantages and disadvantages, and a business owner can use more than one style in managing the people under him. Below are the types of management styles.
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Autocratic management style
In this style, the manager tells the employees what to do. If the employees fail to fall in line, they are punished. Employees are kept in check by the fear of discipline. The organization has specific policies that employees must follow. Management isn’t interested in hearing feedback from employees.
There are some clear downsides to this style. The employees are entirely dependent on management to do their jobs, meaning that new and innovative ideas are unlikely to emerge in this system.
Some benefits of this style of management include streamlined decision making and the expectations of people in the organization are clear on what they are to do.
Consultative management style
This style of management seeks employee feedback before making decisions. This leads to a better relationship between management and employees. Management takes employee concerns about the workplace seriously. This may include an open-door policy, where employees can drop in on managers any time to talk about what’s working and what isn’t.
This style of management reduces the turnover time for getting a job done. Only management retain the power of decision-making. Employees are consulted, but ultimately have little power in the process.
Democratic style of management
Democratic managers offer employees an opportunity to engage in decision-making. This means all decisions are agreed upon by the majority. For big, long-term decisions that affect the entire company, this can be the most effective method.
Decision-making involves consultation of multiple parties and often includes debates.
Persuasive management style
In this management style, a persuasive leader maintains the final decision-making control. However, he or she makes choices based on the persuasion of subordinates. Employees will convince their manager of the benefits of a decision and the manager would consider the suggestions. This is helpful when an independent expert comes in to analyze a company’s operations. Management may need to make the employees understand why the expert’s criticisms are valid.
Yet this is still a one-way communication process. That means employees may feel alienated
Chaotic management style
This is when managers cede all control to employees without putting specific structures in place for decision-making. This is sometimes associated with truly flat organizations. This can work in specific situations, like when a team of capable employees is tackling a project. However, role confusion and inefficiency in decision-making are clear downsides.
Laissez-faire management style
This style is the complete opposite of the autocratic management style. Employees are allowed to make the majority of decisions, with management providing guidance when needed.
In this style, the manager is more of a mentor than a leader. This can be good in specific situations where employees need space to be creative. Employees are independent of managers, although they may not have much direction.
Paternalistic management style
Paternalistic leadership is a managerial approach that involves a dominant authority figure who acts as a patriarch and treats employees and partners as though they were members of a large, extended family. In exchange, the leader expects loyalty, trust and obedience from employees.
Management Styles used in hotels
Managers of hotels might be inclined to one of two distinct leadership styles.
- The first, transactional leadership, describes a style that is task-focused, bureaucratic and authoritarian.
- In contrast, transformational leadership relies more on motivation by appealing to higher ideals and moral values. This style is often more likely to inspire trust, loyalty and respect in employees and tends to be considered the more effective of the two.
Management Styles Non profit organizations
In addition to using the management styles listed earlier, the following styles can be used in a Non-profit organization
A transformational manager always pushes the boundaries of what is currently being accomplished. Transformational leaders are best in rapidly growing situations. This style is best for new nonprofits, expanding outreach opportunities, or emergency response entities. This style is generally successful in nonprofits due to the invigorating approach to fundraising and community outreach. A leader using this style must be careful not to stretch too thin to be productive.
A facilitative leader emphasizes on communication, culture, and relationships. This leader is suitable for nonprofit organizations that embody collaboration with other nonprofits or community members. This style of leadership is suitable for a large board of directors or volunteer group. Similar to a democratic style, the downside to this management style is the lack of promptness a facilitative leader will struggle to deliver.
The transactional leadership style revolves around details relating to progress. Certain benchmarks are established, and rewards are given for attaining these goals. This style isn’t seen often in nonprofit organizations where employees are typically already motivated by the organization’s mission.
Management Styles males vs females
Research has been conducted on management styles adopted by male and female managers. Below are the management styles each gender is more likely to adapt according to Helios HR
- Prefer hierarchical structure
- Focus on performance
- Direct communication
- Like to create competition
- Promote cooperation and collaboration
- Indirect communication
- Mentoring and training others
Depending on who you are and what style you think is the best management style a manager should adopt, you should bear in mind that mixing leadership and management styles from time to time will go a long way to make you one of the best managers yet.
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