There has been an ongoing debate on the difference between leadership and management. It is often assumed that anyone in a management position is a leader. But contrary to popular belief, not all managers are leaders. The significant difference between leadership and management is that a leader has people that follow them while a manager has people who work for them.To achieve the success of an organization, one needs to be both a strong leader and manager to get their team on board to follow them to make their vision. Below is a detailed description of the difference between manager and leader. We figure out the differences that exist in both spheres.
Do the professionals have both qualities? Do they learn from one another over a period? To figure out the answers to these trivial questions, go through the entire description below.
Leadership and management differences
They both have a common trait, and that is in their power to influence through working with different people to accomplish the goals of the organization. However, leadership takes a multi-directional influence regarding relation while management uses a unidirectional authority regarding the relationships. For an organization to attain its objectives, it requires both effective leaders and active managers, but their levels of contributions are different from one another.
Leaders tend to promote change through new approaches and work to understand the beliefs of the people to gain their commitment. Managers, on the other hand, encourage stability through the exercise of authority to accomplish the goals of the organization. With this in mind, both leadership and management require different types of people with different kinds of skills set.
Managers are however more focused on maintaining the structure and system of the organization. Leaders are focused on the kind of communication, motivation and shared goals. In comparison to managers, leaders utilize the 7S strategy which includes; strategy, structure, systems, shared skills, skills, and style. Leadership also takes into consideration the strategic motivation of the workforce. Management involves the processes of planning, organizing, staffing, controlling and coordinating and leading and directing.
A leader is also focused on inventions and innovations while a manager is inclined in an organization. The team leader forms new ideas and concepts. The leader then kick starts the shift of the organization to a continuous thinking phase. A leader already shares a common goal of where they wish the organization to realize.
They are involved in the development of techniques and strategies that impact the organization. They have a vast pool of knowledge that touches on all the current trends and other skillsets. These are all geared towards realizing the goals and mission of the organization.
However, a manager is in charge of maintaining what has already been established. They safeguard the organization. This is achieved through the controlling of the employees. They also ensure that the workflow is maintained and there are smooth operations. They prevent the occurrence of chaos and other challenges that may reduce the productivity of the organization.
A manager relies heavily on control while a leader relies heavily on inspiring others through the use of a trust. A leader pushes and motivates the employees to put their best foot forward when working. They know the capabilities of the workers and work towards achieving them. They know to assign the workers to appropriate places where they are fit to perform. On the other hand, managers fit into their job description to have control over the employees. This way they develop the capabilities of the workers and turn them into assets. This requires a deeper understanding of the subordinates so that they can fit well into the job.
Managership and leadership
Management has been defined as the exercising direction of a group or organization through the executive, administrative, and supervisory positions. It is believed that the management responsibilities are usually task-oriented and involves the development of staff, mentoring of the workers with high potential and resolving the conflicts while still maintaining the ethics and discipline.
The role of good management is to offer services to the community in an efficient and yet sustainable manner. Moreover, management includes the works of planning, organizing, budgeting, coordinating and monitoring activities for a group or an organization. In management, objectives have to be set through the efficient use of the available resources so that they are all geared towards achieving the organizational goals.
The work that entails being a manager focuses on formal directing and controlling of workers, resources, structures, and systems that are in place. Their main aim is to accomplish the laid short-term goals of the organization while avoiding the related risks associated. They are also involved in the standardization to improve the efficiency of the organization.
There are three essential skills which make up a good manager which are; technical, human and conceptual. Based on the technical skills, they refer to the proficiencies taken in different types of work at the organization. This formed part of the competencies of the workers about a specific task. For human skills, they refer to the ability to work to connect with other employees to develop new and innovative ideas. The conceptual skills talk on the quality such as communication and delegation skills.
This formed part of a complex, multidimensional phenomenon which transcribes to a form of management through a process of influence over others. This is sequential to a type of social influence processes over people towards obtaining a common goal from a shared vision. As a leader, they focus on motivation and inspiration. They aim to create passion and aspire others to follow their vision. They strive to achieve long-term goals, and this entails taking risks to accomplish common goals.
A leader uses a transformational style that is backed up by qualities such as vision, integrity, tenacity, decisive, trust, commitment, selflessness and risk-taking. They should also have a sense of charisma as they influence the people into a positive environment. The characteristics that make up an active leader include confidence, service mentality, excellent coaching skills, reliability, expertise, excellent listening skills and being realistic.
Roles of leader vs manager
Most leaders tend to praise the success and driving people towards accomplishing their goals. Managers’ roles include finding the faults in the work of employees. They paint an already complete picture of what seems fit for the company. They then work towards inspiring the workers towards turning the vision into reality. Leaders see the best in the workers rather than a manager who views them as a set of skills. They include the people to form part of the bigger picture.
Some common traits that are exhibited by both a leader and manager are thinking beyond the current and into the future. They set their eyes open to capture new talent from highly functional team members. They then harness their abilities and capabilities of the workers to help them accomplish a lot.
For both leaders and managers, they also have a clear definition of what they have to do. They also have a concept of achieving success from doing it. There are different roles which are shared by both. It is the role of the managers also to measure the accomplishment of goals. This is through controlling the situations to ensure that they attain or exceed the objectives.
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Shared roles between managers and leaders
Some of the roles that are shared by both managers and leaders include:
1.Model the way
Leaders and managers here establish the principles that explain the way customers, peers and colleagues should be treated and the way to achieve the objectives. They create and maintain high standards of excellence that can be emulated by colleagues. Since it can be tasking to accomplish the primary targets at once, they set short-term goals that are to be performed by the workers. They open windows for people to be creative and give out opportunities. They ensure everybody is aware of their duties and the expectations laid upon them.
It includes hiring a team member in charge of client happiness since clients are driven to seek guidance and expertise, the team member will ensure the clients are well informed about the systems and processes so that they can become their main point of contact next time.
2. Inspire a shared vision
Leaders are born-passionate with the belief that they can make a difference. Both managers and leaders help people envision the future of the organization and what the input of the people is needed to realize the dream. They create a lasting image full of opportunities for the people. They include others in the vision and work together hand in hand through persuasion to make it happen. They make the vision attainable so that others can be motivated.
Offering insight and direction goes a long way in the personal development of people. Leaders are a beacon of inspiration as they leverage their success stories and testimonials. Using case studies to build a mental picture of what you hope to accomplish.
3. Challenge the process
Leaders and managers are on the front-line searching for new opportunities and ideas that will change the organization. They know of the weak points faced by the organization and through brainstorming come up with innovative ways. They have to take risks and chances to find out whether they can work out. Leaders are not afraid of the failures of the new ideas they have undertaken, but seek to learn from the mistakes.
It addresses the issues of changing the production system to be more efficient in conserving the environment as well as building trust with an environmentally friendly atmosphere. Create a risk management team in case a strategy backfires.
4. Enables others to act
Leaders and managers encourage brainstorming of people to create new ideas and build team effort. They engage others in the critical decision-making process concerning the organization. They create a mutual relationship with people built on trust and respect. They motivate others to make them more capable of accomplishing the goals.
This includes embracing diversity in the organization by treating people equally with consideration and commitment. Appreciation should be shown for work well done and form meaningful relationships with each other. In case of changing the look of the organization, the leader can seek the opinions and feelings of the people.
5. Encourage the heart
Leaders and managers appreciate the contribution each person makes in achieving the objectives of the organization. They also celebrate accomplishments made by the people either big or small in the step of producing the goals. Leaders ensure the efforts of the people are not in vain, and everyone is rewarded.
In case a significant investment deal goes through, a leader can hold a celebration party where the people get the chance to rewards themselves. If the efforts led to a significant milestone, the leader could increase the salaries of the people to motivate them to work harder.
This means that leadership is between those that want to lead and those that want to follow. The leaders form a bond with the people who support them through trust and confidence, taking risks, creating new ideas, making changes, motivating people and keeping the organization on its feet. It is through the combined use of knowledge, tactics, concepts, and skills that the leaders bring out leadership qualities in others.
In most cases, not many people who are in control of a team are both excellent leaders and managers. But for the success of an organization, it is dependent on a person who possesses both traits. The primary challenge that faces many organizations is finding someone who can lead a team and also manage their daily operations. This is what makes a person with both traits gain a competitive edge over others.
For the success of the organization, these two aspects must be inseparable in as much as there is a difference between leadership and management. Effective leadership requires active management. A significant quality of a manager should be their leadership skills which are used to inspire the workforce to accomplish the goals. The same way a manager works in different departments, the leaders should work as a team with the workforce to be geared towards the accomplishment of the goals. Both leadership and management need to complement each other for the survival and growth of the organization. Are you a leader or a manager ?
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