Globally, cervical cancer awareness is trumpeted in January as it was first recognized in 2002 and is observed every January.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina and is believed to be the fourth most common cancer among women and is believed be caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection,
Other factors such as your environment or your lifestyle choices also determine whether you'll develop cervical cancer.
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However, one can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.
Recently, Ghanaian media personality Stacy Amoateng revealed that she suffered from cervical cancer which nearly claimed her life because of mettallic IUD that was inserted in her body years ago.
The doctor, she said, explained to her that that type of IUD was no longer in use and that was what was causing her woes – she had cervical cancer.
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However, research has revealed that many sexual partners, early sexual activity, STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV/AIDS, smoking, weakened immune system has a greater your chance of acquiring HPV.
Another serious risk factor could be exposure to miscarriage prevention drug. For instance, if a mother took a drug called diethylstilbestrol (DES) while pregnant in the 1950s, the daughter you may have an increased risk of a certain type of cervical cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma.
In order to prevent Cervical cancer, women are encouraged to ask their doctor about the HPV vaccine, have routine Pap tests to detect precancerous conditions of the cervix, so they can be monitored or treated in order to prevent cervical cancer.
Also it is advisable to practice safe sex and also to totally avoid smoking.
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Meanwhile, The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Ghana (SOGOG) has allayed the fears of Ghanaians that intrauterine Contraceptive device (IUD) device causes cervical cancer.
The SOGOG’s President, Dr. Ali Samba in a signed statement issued in Accra on Wednesday, January 22 said there is no scientific research to support the claims made by the Mrs. Amoateng.