Prince Philip was Queen Elizabeth II's husband. His wife became the Queen of the United Kingdom after her father's death in 1952, making Phillip consort of the Queen.
The Duke of Edinburgh was from the Danish and British royal families before denouncing them to become a British, Anglican and royal duke. He was a supportive husband who stepped away from the monarch's politics to offer his unwavering support to the Queen of England.
Prince Philip profile summary
- Full name: Prince Philip Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gluecksburg
- Date of birth: 10th June 1921
- Place of birth: Mon Repos, Corfu, Kingdom of Greece
- Date of death: 9th April 2021
- Age at death: 99 years
- Place of death: Windsor Castle, Windsor Berkshire, England
- Nationality: British
- Ethnicity: Mixed-race
- Marital status: Married
- Spouse: Queen Elizabeth II
- Profession: Former military man, Consort of the Queen
- Net worth: $30 million
Prince Philip biography
Prince Phillip was born on 10th June 1921 in Mon Repos, Corfu, Kingdom of Greece. His birth name was Prince Philip Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gluecksburg of Greece and Denmark. Prince Philip's parents were Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg.
His father was a prince of both Denmark and Greece under his patrilineal descent. On the other hand, his mother was a Hessian princess by birth. She was a member of the Battenberg family, a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Prince Phillip was the fifth child and the only son to his parents. Prince Philip's siblings were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and Sophie.
Phillip studied at an American school in Paris known as The Elms. In 1928, he went to the United Kingdom and attended Cheam School. At the beginning of 1993, he joined Schule Schloss Salem in Germany.
The school was owned by his brother-in-law's family, Berthold, Margrave of Baden. After two terms in school, he transferred to Gordonstoun School in Scotland, which Kurt Hahn newly founded.
60-year-old photos of when Queen Elizabeth's late husband Prince Philip visited Kumasi pop up after his passing
Naval and wartime
After school, the prince completed a term at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth as a cadet. He went back home, to Greece where he lived with his mother for about a month. In September, he returned to Britain to continue his training for the Royal Naval. He graduated the following year as the best cadet in his course.
Philip served in the British forces until January 1940, when he was appointed as a midshipman. He was on the HMS Ramillies battleship for four months. He protected Australian Expeditionary Force convoys in the Indian Ocean.
In October 1940, after Italy invaded Greece, Prince Phillip was transferred from the Indian Ocean to the HMS valiant battleship in the Mediterranean Fleet. After undertaking a series of courses at Portsmouth, he was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant on 1st February 1941.
In June 1942, Prince Phillip was appointed to the V and W-class destroyer and flotilla leader HMS Wallace. Some of his duties were:
- Escorting convoys on the east coast of Britain
- The Allied invasion of Sicily
On 16th July 1942, he was promoted to lieutenant. As of October 1942, he became the first lieutenant of HMS Wallace at the age of 21. He was the second in command during Sicily's invasion in July 1943where he saved his ship from a night bomber attack.
Consort of the Queen
After the death of King George VI, his daughter, Queen Elizabeth, became the Queen of the United Kingdom. Why is Prince Philip a prince and not king? The British parliamentary succession law considers gender while designating titles to the kings and queens.
After Queen Elizabeth becoming the Queen, her spouse was obliged to take up the prince consort title instead of being the king consort. In his line of duty, Prince Phillip supported Queen Elizabeth in her responsibilities as the sovereign, like accompanying her to ceremonies such as:
- State opening of parliament in various countries
- State dinners
- Tours abroad
He was the longest-serving British royal consort, the oldest-ever male British, and the third-longest-lived member of the British royal family. He retired from his royal duties on 2nd April 2017 at the age of 96. During his official retirement, he had accomplished the following:
- 22,000 solo engagements since 1952
- 5,496 speeches in his travels
- Travelled to over 76 countries
- Authored 14 books
- Worked as a patron to 785 organizations
- Made 637 solo overseas visits
Prince Philip medals
Prince received medals from various organizations and bodies such as British Empire, the United Kingdom, Saskatchewan and New Zealand. They include:
- 12th May 1937: British Empire and Commonwealth - King George VI Coronation Medal
- 8th July 1943: United Kingdom - 1939/1945 Star
- 8th July 1943: United Kingdom - Africa Star
- May 1945: United Kingdom - Atlantic Star
- May 1945: United Kingdom - Burma Star, with Pacific clasp
- May 1945: United Kingdom - Italy Star
- 16th August 1945: United Kingdom - War Medal 1939-1945, with Mentioned in Despatches oak leaf
- 2nd June 1953: Commonwealth - Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal
- 1954: Canada - Canadian Forces Decoration, with five bars
- 6th February 1977: Commonwealth Realms - Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 9th February 1990: New Zealand - New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal
- 6th February 2002: Commonwealth realms - Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 27th May 2005: Saskatchewan - Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
- 20th November 2007: Commonwealth Realms - Royal Victorian Chain
- 6th February 2012: Commonwealth Realms - Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- 11th October 2016: United Kingdom - Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal with six bars
Prince Philip wife and marriage
The Duke of Edinburgh was the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary is the Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms. She took this position after the death of her father in February 1952.
Prince Philip family tree indicates that Prince Phillip was a direct descendant of Princess Alice, the second-eldest daughter of Queen Victoria. On the other hand, Queen Elizabeth was a great-great-granddaughter to Queen Victoria through her eldest son, King Edward the VI. Therefore, the two share a great-great-grandmother.
Prince Phillip and Queen Elizabeth first met in 1934 at a wedding ceremony at the age of 13. They later met in 1939 during his visit to Dartmouth. Queen Elizabeth's mother requested Prince Phillip to escort the king's two young daughter's princesses Elizabeth and Margaret.
The duo started exchanging love letters after the second meeting. He proposed after seven years, and the king granted his request on condition that they had to wait until Elizabeth's 21st birthday to announce the engagement. Their engagement was made public on 10th July 1947.
Queen Elizabeth and Philip tied the knot on 20th November 1947. She was 21 years old while he was 25 years old. Throughout his life, Prince Phillip always offered his unwavering support to Queen Elizabeth. She always referred to him as her "Strength and Stay".
Did Prince Philip have an affair? No, he didn't. There is no proof that he had ever been unfaithful. Even though many people labelled him a ladies' man, he was always faithful to his wife. The infidelity issue arose after season two of The Crown, which primarily highlighted this theme.
The Crown is a historical drama TV series about the reign of Queen Elizabeth II. Even though the creator of the series, Peter Morgan, tip-toed around infidelity on the TV series, he never came out to showcase Prince Phillip cheating.
The union between Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, had four lovely children. The children are:
- Charles, Prince of Wales - He is the oldest and longest-serving heir in British history. He is also the longest-serving Prince of Wales.
- Anne, Princess Royal - She is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip. She has been a Royal Princess since 1987.
- Prince Andrew, Duke of York - He is the third child and second son of Queen and Prince Philip. He is eighth in the line of succession to the British throne.
- Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex - He is the youngest child of the Queen and Prince Duke of Edinburgh. After his birth, he was third in the line of succession to the British throne. However, he is currently the 12th in line.
Cancer, other health conditions and death
Queen Elizabeth's husband had suffered and recovered from different illnesses. It was once alleged that he had prostate cancer, but Buckingham Palace spokesperson denied this allegation. Here are the highlights of his health conditions:
- In 2008 - He was admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital in London after contracting a chest infection. He recovered quickly and was discharged after three days.
- 23rd December 2011 - He suffered chest pains and was taken to Papworth Hospital cardiothoracic unit. He underwent a successful coronary angioplasty and stenting. He was discharged on 27th December.
- 4th June 2012 - he suffered from a bladder infection and was taken from Windsor Castle to King Edward VII's Hospital. He was discharged on 9th June.
- August 2012 - The bladder infection recurred while he was staying at the Balmoral Castle. He was admitted to Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for five nights as a precautionary measure.
- 21st May 2014 - He publicly appeared with a bandage after a minor procedure was performed on his right hand.
- June 2017 - He was admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital after being diagnosed with an infection where he spent two nights.
- 3rd April 2018 - He was admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital for a planned hip replacement.
- 20th to 24th December 2019 - He stayed at King Edward VII's Hospital and received treatment for a pre-existing condition.
- 9th January 2021 - He received the vaccine against Covid-19.
- 16th February 2021- He felt unwell and was admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital.
- 1st March 2021 - He was transferred by ambulance to St Bartholomew's Hospital to further treat the infection and a successful heart procedure on 3rd March.
- 5th March 2021 - He was transferred to King Edward VII and was discharged on 16th March.
- 9th April 2021 - He passed away at the age of 99, two months to his 100th birthday.
The duke of Edinburgh had an estimated net worth of $30 million. He received an annuity of 360 000 pounds from the British parliament every year. This was to fund his expenses when carrying out public duties. He started receiving the funds in 1990 and continued to receive them even after his retirement in 2017.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was the husband of Queen Elizabeth II and the father of Princes Charles, Andrew, Edward and Princess Anne. Before joining the royal family in England, he served under different capacities in the military.
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