The decade-long one-child policy in China has ended as state-run Xinhua news agency reports couples are now allowed to have at most, two children instead of one.
The policy, which was instituted nationally in 1979, aimed at slowing down the burgeoning population growth rate is documented to have prevented about 400 million births. But decades later, the said policy is feared to have severely led to a rather ageing population in China - a concern which has pressurized the Communist party of China to reconsider its decision.
So far, the new policy to allow families have two children has been designed “to improve the balanced development of population” and deal with an aging population, according to the statement from the Community Party’s Central Committee carried by the official Xinhua News Agency (in Chinese) on Thursday.
About 30% of China’s population is over the age of 50 with the total population of the country is around 1.36 billion - making China the world's largest population.