Editorial: The systemic failure of Ghana's educational system over the years have been attributed to a myriad of reasons. Samuel Awuni, a freelance writer and activist explores poor academic performance due to the lack of innovation in the sector.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Culture Rights defines the Right to Education as a universal right recognized as essential to Human Right, this has been advocated in various forms since its inception. It aims to make education accessible to every child, regardless of gender, age or location.
The unmerited equilibrium within the educational structure in Ghana gives priorities to certain aspect of education to the detriment of others. It remains a common practice to support ‘needy but brilliant students’ towards performing better with no consideration for ‘the less brilliant child’ in the same environment. The structure and system has failed to assess basis for these poor performance by these students.
Majority of these less brilliant students eventually drop out of school due to academic intimidation based on their poor performance. The unfortunate ones decide on up negative lifestyles to make a living including arm rubbery, prostitutions etc.
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In Ghana, the dimension on the fundamentals and enhancement of right to education remains the provision of Infrastructure, Teaching and Learning material, Teacher Motivation and the Physical presence of students in class. The increase in enrolment has been based on these. These approach though laudable towards enhancing academic performance, this proven to only improve enrolment and attendance rate in school, with less impact on quality. This has been demonstrated from the poor performance from students who sat for the BECE AND WASSCE respectively. As Governments continue to hammer the expansion of infrastructure and teacher’s presence in classrooms across the country as a measure to improve the grades and performance of students in schools.
Our educational system has manifestly botched to invest in studies and research towards the psychological and intellectual ability of children from a very early stage, if this is done weaker students could be identified ahead to provide necessary solutions to enable them perform better. It remains unfortunate how our system for a long time lacks innovations in solving the present day academic failure.
Research conducted in 10 selected schools close to 400 students within Greater Accra by Youth Eye Innovations Foundation with support from the Ghana Education Service, revealed challenges including Phobia of some subjects and teachers, Family instability, Health conditions, Harassment, Abuse both at home and schools all which have physical repercussion on their young minds throughout their academic lives. This findings and recommendations made available have seen no consideration by the service.
A good number Parents of children enrolling in public school lack the proper relevance of the academic future of their wards, haven taken advantage of the FCUBE system, they literally dump their children in public schools without appreciating its value and relevance’s, without follow-ups on performance level of the children . Some private school however, have identified and separated the weak students and giving them special attention
The educational system has failed to accommodate all these factors towards enhancing academic performance in schools.
It’s however unfortunate how relevant stakeholders in the education sectors key among whom is government have failed to invest in research and educational psychology to better understand the needs of student’s and prepare their minds to study and better appreciate education.
The IQ of students which varies, has remains a non factor for consideration since it differ from child to child, hence the performance level at the end of the day is not expected to be equal.
The educational system especially must begin to invest and take keen interest in research as well as initiating measures to identify and understand the needs and challenges of students from the early stages of their academic lives to assist them match up with their peers.
Government remains the major facilitator in education, and consequently is mandated to ensure equality in education to ensure. Civil Societies and other stakeholders equally have a shared responsibility.
Written by Samuel Awuni, Activist/ writer - Youth Eye Innovations Foundation