12 ways to prevent cancer

12 ways to prevent cancer

Cancer experts at the WHO have provided a 12-point plan aimed at helping people to prevent cancer.

12 ways to prevent cancer

A Facebook user's reaction to the 12-point plan

The plan, which was released in 2014, aims to give people actionable ways they can reduce their cancer risk in their day to day lives by modifying, adopting or cutting out certain things from their diets, daily habits and broader lifestyle choices.

See the 12-point plan below:

1. Do not smoke. Do not use any form of tobacco.

2. Make your home smoke-free. Support smoke-free policies in your workplace.

3. Take action to be a healthy body weight.

4. Be physically active in everyday life. Limit the time you spend sitting.

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5. Have a healthy diet. Eat plenty of whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits. Limit high-calorie foods (foods high in sugar or fat) and avoid sugary drinks. Avoid processed meat; limit red meat and foods high in salt.

6. If you drink alcohol of any type, limit your intake. Not drinking alcohol is better for cancer prevention.

7. Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection. Do not use sunbeds.

8. In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions.

9. Find out if you are exposed to radiation from naturally high radon levels in your home. Take action to reduce high radon levels.

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10. Breastfeeding reduces the mother’s cancer risk. If you can, breastfeed your baby. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of certain cancers. Limit use HRT.

11. Ensure your children take part in vaccination programmes for Hepatitis B for newborns, Human papillomavirus (HPV) for girls.

12. Take part in organized cancer screening programmes for bowel cancer (men and women), breast cancer (women), cervical cancer (women).

Cancer is among the leading causes of deaths worldwide, with approximately 8.2 million cancer related deaths in 2012.

There are 14 million new cases of cancer each year, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

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