The biggest power crises that rocked Ghana since 1992

The biggest power crises that rocked Ghana since 1992

The power crisis that rocked Ghana for about three years seems to have resurfaced in recent times.

The country is currently shedding about 240 megawatts of electricity daily due to generational challenges.

However, President John Mahama has said that the government will not introduce a load-shedding programme.

Here are some of the biggest power crises that have rocked Ghana since the return to democratic rule in 1992.

1. Power crisis rocked Ghana in 1997 and 1998

The biggest power crises that rocked Ghana since 1992

Jerry John Rawlings

It was caused by drought in the sub-region due to the El Nino climatic phenomenon and the growth in the demand for power in Ghana largely as a result of economic growth.

The situation compelled the Rawlings government to inaugurate the 220 megawatts Aboadze thermal plant, Takoradi One or T1. In June 1999 a hundred megawatts steam turbine came on board T1 to make a combined cycle plant that was capable of generating 330 megawatts.

2. It resurfaced in 2006 and 2007

The biggest power crises that rocked Ghana since 1992

Former President Kufuor

It was triggered by the poor rainfall which resulted in reduced inflow into the Volta Lake and the non-availability of sufficient reliable thermal power generators at the Aboadze power plant to complement the reduced generation from Akosombo/Kpong.

The JA Kufuour administration 126MW diesel generator units and purchased six million compact fluorescent lamps which helped the country save 125MW of electricity. It also bought Valco, freeing up 370MW of power available to the company. Load shedding was in place from August 2006 to September 2007.

3. Power crisis returned between 2012 - 2015

The biggest power crises that rocked Ghana since 1992

John Mahama

It was caused by a fault on the WAGP pipeline that resulted in the cut-off of natural gas supply from Nigeria to the thermal power plants in Ghana. Subsequently, a number of reasons were cited as the cause of the crisis, including poor rainfall into the Volta Lake, maintenance work on the thermal plants and lack of financing for fuel procurement.

The John Mahama administration set up the Ghana Gas Company to provide gas to thermal plants at Aboadze. It also installed the Ameri power plants as well as the Karpower power barge. The crisis was declared over in December 2015.

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