The US Ambassador to Ghana, Robert P Jackson, has allayed fears that a Trump presidency will spell doom for the people of Ghana.
I can promise you that our focus will continue to be a prosperous, democratic Ghana. Now that our elections have concluded, we can look ahead to next month and Ghana’s own election. Ghana has a strong electoral system in place and I am confident that we will see a strong, peaceful and free election here on December 7, ” Ambassador Jackson said at a Press conference in Accra on Wednesday morning.
But what does this mean for Ghana and Africa?
Generally, there's a fair understanding of what would happen to the United States of America and some neighbouring countries, but Donald Trump's plan for African countries are generally very vague. Trump has not really spoken of this continent – and definitely not Ghana.
The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a United States Trade Act, enacted on 18 May 2000 as Public Law 106 of the 200th Congress. AGOA has since been renewed to 2025. The legislation significantly enhances market access to the US for qualifying Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries.
Through it, Ghana has exported millions of dollars of products to the USA, and been able to import products from the USA in return.
The US has stated cocoa and cashew exports from Ghana to the US went up by 300 percent within a period of 13 years under the AGOA initiative, which would have had huge impacts through Ghana. Unlike NAFTA or the Trans-Pacific Partnership, AGOA has not been a campaign issue. Trump would gain little by removing trade benefits from all African countries.
Since most African exports to the US are either natural resources or low-value goods, lobby groups rarely argue that AGOA has hit American jobs, he states.
If there is controversy and pressure, chances are Trump would take an “aggressive stance.”
Ghanaians in the USA who have obtained lawful permanent residence increased from 5,337 people in 2004, when George Bush was president, to 7,610 in 2008, his last year. Under Obama, from 2009 the number was 8, 401 in 2013, (the most recent number available) there were 10,265 Ghanaians given permanent residency.
The number of Ghanaians naturalized in the USA has also increased significantly under Obama. Under Bush in 2004 there were 3, 577, under Obama, in 2009 the number was 4, 819 and in 2013 5, 105.
Trump doesn't talk about Africa, except when he mispronounced the nation of Tanzania when speaking about terrorism in April this year, what a win for Trump means over here, is a dark unknown.
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