After over a year of unrelenting campaigning by major political parties in Ghana , we are finally set for presidential and parliamentary elections today.
Here are six reasons why the presidential candidate of the National Democratic Congress, John Mahama, may win the election and earn a second term.
1. Incumbency advantage
As president, Mahama has unlimited financial resources at his disposal with which he can prosecute the elections. He can outspend Akufo-Addo on every front, including in campaigning and buying influence.
His incumbency advantage also enables him to clandestinely employ the human and logistical resources of state institutions such as the Bank of Ghana, Ghana Police Service, Ghana Army and National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO) to aid his campaign.
The president is generally deemed to be more presidential, charming and youthful than his rival, Akufo-Addo. He is generally more likable, making him more appealing to women and floating voters.
3. Massive infrastructure development
In his four years as president, Mahama undertook massive infrastructural projects across the country.
Some of the projects are the Kwame Nkrumah Interchange in Accra; the Kasoa Interchange in the Central Region; the Ridge Hospital project in Accra; the Kotokuraba Market project in the central Region; the Komenda Sugar factory in the Central Region; The Cape Coast Stadium and the Kejetia Market project in Kumasi.
These projects have impacted the lived of thousands of people across the country and may help the president maintain or even increase his support in the beneficiary communities.
4. Massive campaign spending
President John Mahama has invested millions of dollars in this campaign. He is outspending the NPP on every level. He has taken control of the airwaves with his adverts. In other instances, the NDC has distributed gifts such as outboard motors in strategic communities. The NPP has described this as vote buying, but the governing party doesn’t seem to care. This could well work out in Mahama’s favour on Wednesday.
5. Eight-year convention
With the exception of President JEA Mills who died in office, every Ghanaian president in the fourth republic has enjoyed two four-year terms. President Jerry John Rawlings served for eight years. President John Agyekum Kufuor also had four years. The odds favour Mahama to also get a second term.
6. Opinion polls
Several credible opinion polls have indicated that Mahama will win the election in the first round.