- It is believed that Fantes, who live between the western border of Ghana’s capital city Accra and Cape Three Points, were led to their present place by mysterious animals
- History has it that the said beings were in the form of humans known as Oburumankoma (whale), Odapagyan (eagle), and Oson (elephant)
- There have been some historical theories against the belief
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Oral historians in the courthouses of Fante chieftains hold the view that their forefathers were led to their present settlement by mysterious animals disguised as men.
A news report sighted by YEN.com.gh on Face2FaceAfrica indicates that the first Fantes, as the history has it, tore away from the Bono people, another Akan group in Ghana’s hinterlands, in the 1200s.
It is indicated that it was from that separation that the name 'Fante' itself emerged as the term means, “half/part torn”.
Descending southwards, the Fante were split into three groups and led by three mysterious warrior-priests, namely Oburumankoma (whale), Odapagyan (eagle), and Oson (elephant).
The last of the warrior-priests above conquered the autochthonous Etsii people and founded Mankessim which translates as “in the big town”, and now serves as the traditional headquarter-town of the Fante.
The Fante believe these three men were literally beings with magical powers but there are those who hold the view that they were only personified conceptions of beliefs.
F.L. Bartels, the writer of The Roots of Ghana Methodism, for instance, argues that Oburumankoma, Odapagyan and Oson are actually metaphors of Fante self-perception.
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