Annie Ruth Jiagge: Meet The First Woman In Ghana and The Commonwealth Of Nations To Become A Judge

Annie Ruth Jiagge: Meet The First Woman In Ghana and The Commonwealth Of Nations To Become A Judge

  • Annie Ruth Jiagge is a historic Ghanaian woman who was the first female in Ghana to become a judge after passing the bar in 1950
  • She started her career as a teacher at the Evangelical Presbyterian Girls School and proceeded to the London School of Economics and Political Science to pursue Law
  • The Achimota School alumnus established the Ghana National Council for Women and Development and was appointed to represent Ghana on a United Nations Commission

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Life, they say, is what you make it. Sometimes, it is not just about the individual since the influence parents have on the eventual success of their children cannot be ruled out. A particular parenting method or just one key decision made concerning children can set them apart from their peers and set them directly on the path to greatness.

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Annie Ruth Jiagge became Ghana's first female Judge, and this history only came to birth following a single good decision her parents made. You see, Annie was born in Lome, a town in the then French Togoland and could have spent the rest of her life there, but her parents knew how beneficial it would be for their daughter if she could speak and write good English, so they made the decision to change her environment.

The life history of first Ghanaian female judge
Annie speaking at a convention Photo credit: Elizabeth Bracht/YouTube, World Council of Churches
Source: UGC

She was sent to live with her grandmother in Keta, then in British Togoland, and there, she gradually learnt the English Language.

Annie Ruth Jiagge had her secondary school education at Achimota College. Her initial plan was to follow in her parent's footsteps, so she set out to become a teacher just like them. She went through the training and graduated in 1937 with her certificate.

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After school, she worked for a while as a school teacher and eventually became the Headmistress of the Evangelical Presbyterian Girls' School from 1940 to 1946. Annie taught for six years, but by her last year as a teacher, she had come to the realisation that she wanted her life to be beyond the classroom; becoming a lawyer was her next goal.

Pursuing Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science

The life history of first Ghanaian female judge
Annie Ruth standing beside a plant Photo credit: The Rotarian
Source: UGC

The driven aspiring lawyer took the bold step to apply to study at the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1946, and thankfully, she got in.

Before leaving for London, a number of her male colleagues who thought they were looking out for her best interest approached and implored her to reconsider her decision to pursue law. They believed that a venture of such kind would be difficult for a woman to undertake. One even offered to help her gain admission to a dress design school in Paris instead.

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Annie refused to heed her colleagues' lack of trust in her capabilities and paid attention to the new goal ahead. To put their worries to rest, however, Annie assured them she would return to the Gold Coast if she failed to pass her first examination.

The brilliant young woman got to the London School of Economics and Political Science very poised to prove her former colleagues wrong, and she did just that. She sat for her first exams and smoothly aced them. After that, Annie successfully went through her studies, graduated with her LLB in 1949 and got called to the bar in 1950.

In an interview, Annie Ruth Jiagge encouraged women on why they must never look down on themselves or allow men expect less from them.

"We can do so much, but we must always do it as women, not as imitations of men. God has his purpose in making a woman as she is. Her nature is different. He gave us equal intelligence with men and in addition, gave us the womanly qualities that make it possible for us to do what we must do in our own way", she told Abe and Edith Halpherin.

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Annie Ruth Jiagge's return to Gold Coast and representing Ghana on the United Nations Commission

Annie left the United Kingdom for her motherland the same year she got called to the bar and practised law privately for a while. After three years, she transitioned from a lawyer to a magistrate after getting married. She excelled in her new role and became a circuit court judge after six years. This made her the very first female judge in Ghana.

She gradually rose through the ranks, becoming a High Court judge, an Appeal Court judge, and a president of the Court of Appeal. She was also known to be a strong advocate for women's rights worldwide, in addition to her accomplishments as a lawyer and judge.

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The judge was the primary architect of the Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. She then got appointed to represent Ghana at the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women between 1962 and 1972. The Ghana National Council for Women and Development was afterwards established by her in 1975.

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During a speech at a UN Convention, she brought to light the vision of the organisation:

"In Ghana, the poorest of the illiterate are women. The aim is to raise the standard of living on a broad national basis by bringing into the productive sector of the economy, unskilled people who are mainly women and to integrate them in the development process at all levels", she said.

The brilliant Ghanaian history-maker went on retirement in 1983. She was a mother to one child she adopted together with her husband. As a way of celebrating a trailblazer, Achimota School named one of its boarding houses after her. Annie sadly passed on June 12, 1996, in Accra at age 78.

Florence Dolphyne: Life History of The Ghanaian Woman Who Became First Female Professor at University of Ghana

Like Annie Ruth Jiagge, recently highlighted the life journey of Professor Florence Dolphyne, the very first female professor and the first vice-chancellor of the University of Ghana, Legon.

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Florence, a young girl from Akyinakrom in the Ejisu-Juabeng District of the Ashanti Region, discovered her love for academia at a very young age and pursued that with all her might until she was finally recognised and her works celebrated.

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