The ousting of a civilian government in Niger not long ago has brought to the fore the incessant military takeovers on the African continent, particularly in West Africa.YEN.com.gh presents this concise article on the six prominent countries under military leadership on the continent.
The recent coup in Niger has renewed the conversation about the prevalence of military takeovers in Africa, particularly in West Africa.
West Africa is notorious for coups and currently holds the record for the most military coups since the beginning of independence in the region.
In this list, YEN.com.gh presents the six countries under military rule.
1. Burkina Faso (since January 2022)
A West African state has been under various military rules at different times. But the last one started in January 2022.
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The head of the junta in the Francophone country with a population of some 22 million is Captain Ibrahim Traore.
He was sworn in before the Constitutional Council in 2022. as the new president of the transition a month after he staged the takeover.
2. Chad (since April 2021)
The Republic of Chad has been under military rule since April 2021. The Northern African nation speaks French and Arabic.
Mahamat Idriss Déby administers a military regime. He was named the nation’s transition president in 2021 and will govern for a non-renewable two years transition period until elections.
The announcement was made at the conclusion of a National Sovereign Inclusive Dialogue which was launched Aug August 20, 2021.
3. Guinea (since September 2021)
Guinea is another French-speaking nation located in the sub-region of West Africa which has been under military rule since 2021.
Mamady Doumbouya, 43, is currently the country's military ruler.
4. Mali (since August 2020)
Mali, a West African country, has been under military rule since 2020.
42-year-old Assimi Goïta is the military head and supreme leader of Mali.
Last year, the military junta announced they would delay until March 2024 a return to civilian rule following double coups that have been denounced by countries in the region and foreign powers.
5. Niger (since July 2023)
The Republic of Niger became the most recent military coup victim on Wednesday, July 26, 2023.
The French-speaking and West African nation with a population of 25.25 million is currently being ruled by General Abdourahamane Tchiani after ousting civilian President Mohamed Bazoum.
The junta has appointed Foreign Minister Hassoumi Massoudou as prime minister. The whereabouts of Bazoum remain unknown.
6. Sudan (since October 2021)
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan is the military commander who has for years been the de facto leader of Sudan.
Since the sacking of former President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019, the country has experienced a turbulent political transition.
Mali, Burkina Faso dare Tinubu, ECOWAS over military intervention threat
Meanwhile, YEN.com.gh has reported in a separate story that the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have been warned not to initiate a foreign military intervention in Niger.
The warning was issued by the military leaders of Mali and Burkina Faso via a statement released on Monday, July 31.
The allied forces (Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger) warned ECOWAS that an attempt to carry out its threat would be a declaration of war.
Niger coup raises questions about uranium dependence
Also, the military coup in Niger has raised the question of Europe's dependency on uranium mined in the West African nation for its nuclear power plants.
France's nuclear fuel firm Orano, formerly part of Areva, operates a uranium mine in the north of the country, employing some 900 mostly Nigeran staff.
The company said last week that it was monitoring the situation closely but that the seizure of power by the military had not for the moment affected the delivery of uranium supplies.
Niger accounts for only a small percentage of global production of natural uranium.
In 2021, it produced 4.7%of the world's total, far behind Kazakhstan at 45.2%, according to Euratom Supply Agency (ESA), which ensures Europe's supply of nuclear materials.
Akufo-Addo condemns coups in West Africa a day after Niger coup
Speaking at the 147th Independence Day celebrations of Liberia, the president said ECOWAS must fight together to end coups in the sub-region.
Reports emerge that presidential guards have detained President Mohamed Bazoum of the Niger Republic inside the palace in Niamey.
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