Currently, political parties in Ghana and their leaders operate under a period known as the Fourth Republic. This period began in 1992 after the Third Republic period, which operated between 1979 and 1981. Political parties elicit passionate support from citizens from different parts of country led by the various flag bearers in Ghana.
The country has seen many prominent Ghana political leaders lead some of these parties since independence to make major changes in the state of the country. Some of these leaders include the founding father Kwame Nkrumah, Edward Akufo-Addo, and John Atta Mills among others. The major parties employ the use of catchy slogans that not only resonate with the supporters but also help in pushing their political agenda.
How Many Political Parties are in Ghana Currently
According to the Electoral Commission of Ghana, 30 political parties exist under the current Fourth Republic. Even though, the West African country is a multiparty state, two parties hold majority of the nation’s support. These two parties are the New Patriotic Party (NPP), and the National Democratic Congress (NDC). As a result, it is quite difficult for anyone else to achieve electoral victory under any other political banner in the country. In the most recent Ghanaian elections in late 2016, the NPP whose flag bearer is Nana Akufo-Addo was able to garner victory over NDC under John Dramani Mahama.
Ruling Political Party in Ghana
Following the National Patriotic Party’s victory in 2016, it became Ghana’s ruling party. The party’s flag bearer Nana Akufo-Addo ousted the then incumbent president John Dramani Mahama by garnering 53 percent of the total vote. NPP also won 169 out of 275 parliamentary seats during the elections to consolidate its mandate as the majority government. The party’s main ideologies include liberalism, conservatism and liberal conservatism with a center-right political positioning. The party came into existence in 1992 and its current chairperson is Freddie Blay who is serving in an acting capacity. NPP’s symbol is the African elephant with the party slogan being “Development in Freedom.”
First Political Party in Ghana
The first political party in post-independence Ghana was the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) founded in 1947, a decade before independence. Upon its formation, the UGCC sought to liberate Ghana from the British colonialists soon after the Second World War. J.B. Danquah was UGCC’s founder alongside several other influential people at that time. Kwame Nkrumah joined the party later on as Secretary General though he left shortly afterwards due to disagreement with Danquah over the party’s direction. Nkrumah went on to form his own party, the Convention People’s Party (CPP). Other parties during the pre-independence period included Kwame Nkrumah’s CPP, Ghana Congress Party, and the Northern People’s Party among others.