In the past, Ghanaians living within and outside the country were faced with the challenge of knowing the exact import duties on their vehicles, which somehow led to financial problems of all sorts. However, since the introduction of used vehicle duty calculator, many of these problems have been avoided. This reliable system was set-up to proffer a one-stop transparent solution for vehicle import valuation in Ghana. So, how does the calculator work?
The car duty calculator in Ghana provides car importers within the country and abroad a fast, convenient, and correct duty and tax calculation for every imported vehicle into the country. This enables importers and exporters to make an intelligent and well-informed decision when purchasing cars. With it, they know what the expenses are, and also, they can avoid unplanned taxes and duties as well as a complete seizure of their automobile.
How to get your car through customs in Ghana
To clear your vehicle through customs in the West Africa country, you will need to meet the following requirements:
- Title and registration
- Original purchase invoice
- Insurance papers and Passport
- The model, make and serial number of the automobile packing list
- Certificate of value and origin
- Cars must be between five and ten years old. Note that vehicles older than ten years are subject to additional taxes and duties
- The car cannot have more than a quarter tank of gas
- Also, ensure to find out if Ghana requires you to file for a FERI, ECTN, BSC, or an ASHI before the vehicle enters the country.
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Cost of importing second-hand cars in Ghana
The costs of shipping a car to Ghana ranges between $1150 and $1600 for sedans and regular SUVs. Most shipping companies usually take vehicles to the port of Tema in Ghana.
However, the price and the time that it takes to get there depends on a wide range of factors. Some of these factors include the shipping method, budget, type of car, and place where the vehicle is located.
Ghana's customs department employs the use of value known as CIF, which means Cost, Insurance, and Freight, to calculate taxes and duties that need to be paid for a vehicle.
Also, the CIF value of your car is needed to enable you to have an idea of the total cost incurred during the shipping of your vehicle. The guide below should help you determine what the total cost would be when shipping your cars:
- For import duty, it is 5, 10 or 20% of CIF value of a car
- A percent of the CIF value is charged for examination
- ECOWAS development levy is 5% of CIF value
- Export development (EDIF) levy is 0.5% of CIF value
- 12.5% of inclusive duty value (CIF + duty) is charged for the import VAT
- NHIL (Health insurance levy) is 5% of inclusive duty value
How is vehicle duty calculated in Ghana?
Import duties on cars in Ghana are subjected to some factors. These factors are explained below:
Classification of vehicles
The category of vehicles being imported determines the amount of import duty in Ghana. Also, any car that is imported or exported (traded internationally) is listed in a customs document known as the Harmonized Code.
The Harmonized System is used to classify all imported cars that go through customs. Cars are assigned codes and categories depending on vehicle import duty Ghana specified rates.
More so, the Ghanaian customs department checks the code of items such as cars imported into the country. This helps them to determine the category that each car belongs to.
Immediately the class and code of the items are confirmed, the department then states how much import duty and other taxes are to be paid. To save time and make the process easier, importers are advised to check the code beforehand and also prepare the relevant payment.
Valuation and import duty calculation
How is the duty calculated in Ghana? To calculate the import duty of items, the insurance, cost, and freight values of the item are considered. The value of any item shall be provided by the company inspecting them at the destination in Ghana.
This decision is made after scrutiny of the invoice and other documents made available by the importer. Ghana import duty calculators are used to calculate the duty to be paid. These import duty calculators are available on the websites of shipping companies or trade websites in Ghana.
READ ALSO: Importers complain of high import duty at Ghana’s port
The Ghana import duty calculator is usually based on the duty rates on the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) of the product. To calculate the CIF of your vehicle, add the value of the cargo to the FOB (cost of shipping) and the Sea Freight/Transport insurance cost.
Used vehicle duty calculator Ghana also depends on the HS code. Hence, a vehicle duty is calculated at 5%, 10%, or 20% of the CIF (CIF = value of cargo + FOB + Sea Freight/Transport).
Ghana import duty exemptions
The following items are exempted from import duty in Ghana:
- Machinery/equipment for agricultural use
- Food and milk for feeding babies or infants
- Any products owned by specified privileged government officials, institutions, and organizations
- Items owned by individuals from diplomatic missions
- Advertising materials. For instance, trade samples requested by the importer that will be re-exported after use
- Baggage concessions and personal effects, aircraft parts and accessories
- Fish caught by Ghanaian owned boats, canoes, floats, and gear
- Educational, cultural and scientific related materials
- Foodstuffs, including raw foodstuffs and garri. It should be noted that meat and alcoholic beverages coming in from West Africa are not exempted
Ban on overage cars in Ghana
Ghana has banned the import of cars older than ten years to help well established international companies, such as Volkswagen AG and Nissan Motor Co. set up local plants within the country. The law will also allow import-duty rebates for companies that manufacture or assemble vehicles in Ghana.
Nowadays, used cars account for 70 percent of vehicles imported into Ghana. Hence, the customs department and even importers usually utilize the used vehicle duty calculator to predict the specific import duty on any car they intend to bring into the country.
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