Have you heard about the great food, hospitable population and great music in Poland? If not then now you have. Famous for its delicacies, spectacular music and beautiful and very hospitable people Poland is among the most popular states in Central Europe. Looking for facts about cities Poland or a destination for the holidays or to grow your geographic knowledge? Then this post is just right for you.
List of cities in Poland
The Republic of Poland is located on the central region of Europe. The country covers an approximate area of 312,696 sq.km therefore positioning itself among the most popular countries in Europe. Below is the list of cities in Poland, their population and their city area (from the largest to the smallest).
1. Warsaw City
Warsaw is the capital city, and also leads in the list of big cities in Poland. It is also the most populated with around 1,753,977 residents placing it in the eighth position on the list of most populated cities in the European Union. Warsaw City covers an area of 516.9 sq.km while its metropolitan covers an area limit of 6100.43 sq.km. It was granted the city rights in the year 1323. Surprisingly; Warsaw is ranked a major tourist destination and the wealthiest capital city in Central and Eastern Europe. The city is also ranked 32nd in the worlds livable cities.
2. Cracow City (Krakow)
Cracow is the second largest city in Poland with a population of around 765,320 residents. The city covers an area of 326.8 sq.km with a population density of 2327/sq.km. Coincidentally, Krakow has been the capital of Poland between the 7th century and the year 1596 but its population declined. It was granted the city rights since the year 1257 .It is popular for polished academics, improved living standards and culture reservations. However, Krakow has been ranked the most beautiful and unique city in the world.
3. Lodz City
Lodz is the third largest city, therefore among the names of cities in Poland, with a population of 690,422 residents as per the 2017 findings. Lodz has a city area of 293.25 sq.km and a population density of 2400/sq.km. It was granted the city rights in the year 1423 with Piotrkowska street being the city’s landmark. The city is located at the central region of the Poland and south west of Warsaw and has 36 districts. Before Poland gained independence, Lodz was a very small city but doubled its population between 1823 and 1873 when the Jewish ethnics established several industries within the city. Unfortunately, the population lowered due to war, diseases, low life expectancy, and low infertility rate among other reasons.
4. Wroclaw City
According to the 2017 findings, Wroclaw had a population of around 638,364 residents placing it in the fourth position of the biggest cities in Poland. Wroclaw covers a city area of 292.92 sq.km. Similarly, the city was issued with the city rights in the year 1214. Interestingly, the Mercer consulting Company ranked Wroclaw city among the top 100 cities in the world for the nature of life. Wroclaw hosted IFLA annual conference and the world games in 2017 among other functions.
5. Poznan City
Poznan is among the oldest and largest cities in Poland. Poznan is estimated to have a population of 550,000 inhabitants. It is a city rich in trade, sports, education, technology and tourism. In the past, the city has hosted Poznan International Fair which is the largest fair in Europe. The city was established in 10th century and received the town rights in 1253 and its coverage area is estimated to sit in 261.85 sq.km.
6. Gdansk City
Gdansk is also among the major cities of Poland, based on the Baltic Coasts .It was issued with the city rights in the year 1263. The city has a population of around 463,754 residents positioning it in the top ten list of the Poland’s cities. Similarly, the city settles on an area limit of 262 sq.km. Gdansk, has old age buildings constructed since the Hanseatic League which are located along the Ulica Diugi street and the Diugi Targ market. These buildings have categorized the city among the major tourist attraction destinations.
7. Szczecin City (pronounced settin in Germans and Swedish)
Szczecin is among the major cities of Poland holding a population of 405,657 according to the 2015 findings. However, it covers an area of 301 sq.km with a population density of 1300/sq.km.Szczecin was also issued with city rights in the year 1243 due to its rapid growth. In 2016, Szczecin City became a candidate for the European Capital of Culture.
8. Bydgoszcz City
Bydgoszcz is also among the popular cities of Poland with a population of 350,614 residents and a population density of 21000/sq.km as per the 2014 findings. This city however covers an area of 175.98 sq.km therefore putting it at the 8th position in the list of Poland’s largest cities. Bydgoszcz City was established before 1238 and issued with the town rights in the year 1346. The Church of Assumption of the Holy Virgin is the oldest building the popular landmark of the city.
9. Lublin City (pronounced Lublinum in Latin)
It is a major city of lesser and a capital of Lublin Voivodeship province. According to the 2011 statistics, the city has a population of 349,103 residents and a population density of 2400/sq.km. Lublin covers an area of 147 sq.km. It was issued with the city rights in the year 1317. The analytical financial times group categorized Lublin among the best business cities in Poland. However, the city is known of having high standards of living with the largest IT companies such as eLeader SP Z.O.O settling their regional offices in Lublin.
10. Katowice City
Katowice is the tenth largest city of Poland with a population of 297,197 residents according to the 2017 findings. It was issued with the city rights during the year 1865. Similarly the city settles in an area of 164.67 sq.km with a metropolitan population of 5,294,000 residents. Katowice diversifies in religion and cultures due to it being inhabited by the poles, Silesians, Moravians, Czechs and Germans. It is also the second biggest business center in Poland organizing tens of international trade fair per year.
11. Bialystok City
Bialystok City is also among the major polish cities and the largest city along the north east of Poland. It was issued with the city rights in the year 1692 and has 28 districts. Bialystok has a population of 297,338 as per the 2017 and a metropolitan population of 430,000. The city settles within an area of 102.12 sq.km. On the contrary, Bialystok demolished majority of the ancient buildings completely.
12. Gdynia City
Gdynia is also a polish city with relatively modern buildings. The city area is around 135 sq.km with a population of 247,799 and 1,080,700 residents as per the 2014 findings. Gdynia was issued with city rights since 1926 and has 22 districts. Historically, Gdynia was a small farming city for centuries until 1918 when Poland gained independence. The polish government proposed a construction of a sea port in the region which attracted foreign tourists and investors which increased the population rapidly to an extent of being categorized 12th largest city of Poland.
13. Czestochowa City
Czestochowa is the 13th largest city in Poland. The city covers an area of 160 sq.km with a population of 227,270 residents according to the 2016 findings. Similarly, the city has a population density of 1400/sq.km and a metropolitan population of 400,000 residents. Czestochowa has 26,000 registered companies represented by the Regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Czestochowa. Interestingly, the city has been ranked the main tourist destination due to the numerous Souvenir shops which attracts millions of tourists. Finally, Czestochowa is subdivided into 20 neighborhoods each headed by a member of council.
14. Radom City
Random is also among the popular cities of Poland located along the East – Central of Poland with a population of 219,703 residents according to the 2013 statistics. Similarly, it has a population density of 2000/sq.km and a metropolitan population of 371,000 inhabitants. The city was granted the city rights in the year 1364. Some of its ancient buildings include; St. Wenceslaus Church (Built in 13th century), St John the Baptist Church (13th century), the city hall (18th century) among others.
15. Sosnowiec City
This is the 15th largest city of Poland. According to the 2017 findings, Sosnowiec has a city area of 91.06 sq.km with a population of 204,013 inhabitants. Also, its population density is 2200/sq.km with the population of the residents in the urban centers being 2,746,000 and those in metropolitan areas being 4,620,624 residents. Finally, the Sosnowiec City was issued with the city rights in the year 1902.
16. Torun City
Torun is the 16th largest polish cities located in the northern region of the country. The city was granted with the city rights in the year 1233. Consequently, it is the oldest and the most beautiful city in Poland which holds a population of 202,591 residents according to the June 2016 statistics. Torun, covers an area of 115.75 sq.km with a population density of 1800/sq.km and a metropolitan population of 297,646 residents. This city is subdivided into 24 districts, and has 6 medical hospitals to serve its residents and those in the surrounding regions.
Other major cities in Poland
Within the same context, below are other major cities in Poland which have a population below 200,000 residents.
- Kielce City has 197,704 residents
- Rzeszow City has 187,422 residents
- Gliwice City with 182,156 residents
- Zabrze City with 175,459 residents
- Olsztyn City with 172,993 residents
- Bielsko-Biala with 172,030 residents
- Bytom City with 169,617 residents
- Zielona Gora with 139,330 residents
- Rybnik City with 139, 252 residents
- Ruda Slanka City with 139125residents
- Tychy City with 128,351 residents
- Gorzow Wielkopolski City with 123,995 residents
- Dabrowa Gornicza City with 123,995 residents
- Dabrowa Gornicza City with 121,802 residents
- Plock City with 121,295 residents
- Elblag City with 121,191 residents
- Opole City with 118,722 residents
- Walbrzych City with 114,568 residents
- Wloclawek City with 118,432 residents
- Tarnow City with 116,118 residents
- Chorzow City with 113,678 residents
- Kalisz City with 108,031 residents
- Koszalin City with 107,376 residents
- Legnica City with 104,754 residents
Conclusively, there is no difference between a city and a town in the polish system. Therefore, there are other 891 cities with a population of less than 100,000 residents.
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