Where is the largest eagle in the world located and how big is it?
Eagles are some of the largest birds in the world and top the food chain with some species eating large prey like sloths and monkeys. They have amazing eyesight and can spot prey from miles away. They are symbols of freedom and power. But do you know which is the largest eagle in the world? And where in the world is it located?
Eagles are magnificent birds of prey are known for their impressive size, powerful talons, and sharp beaks, which they use to catch and kill their prey. They are top predators in their ecosystems and play an important role in maintaining the balance of the food chain.
Top 10 largest eagles in the world
The birds vary in weight, length and wingspan which are used to classify their sizes. The biggest by weight is the Steller's Sea species weighing between 5.9 to 9 kg (13 to 20 lb). The largest by wingspan is the White-tailed species at 86 inches while the largest by length is the Philippines species at 39.4 inches. Below is a list of the largest ones in the world.
1. Haast’s Eagle (Harpagornis moorei)
- Weight: 17.8 kg
- Wingspan: 1.9 to 2.5 meters
- Weight: 4.9 to 6 kg (male)/6.2 to 9.5 kg (female)
- Country: New Zealand
This is the hugest species to have ever existed. They were mainly found in New Zealand but became extinct 500-600 years ago due to the depletion of their prey from excess human hunting. This bird looked like a mythical creature. They have now been studied by looking at the Maori cultural records and skeletal remains. They were described as large enough to attack children.
2. Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)
- Wingspan: 1.9 to 2.2 metres
- Weight: 4.5 to 8.1 kg
- Location: Philippines
It is known as the great Philippine or a monkey-eating bird. It is considered the biggest in terms of wing length and surface area. They can be identified by their dark face, cream-brown neck and crown. They feed on monkeys, giant rats, squirrels, lizards and other birds.
3. Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja)
- Wingspan: 2 metres
- Weight: 6 to 9 kg (female)/4 to 6 kg (male)
- Location: South America
The harpy's eagle size is one of the components to look in this birds of prey. It is considered to be huge and powerful enough to lift prey equal to its body weight. They have a shorter wingspan to enable them to move in the dense rainforests where they are mainly found. As top predators, they mainly feed on sloths, monkeys and opossums. Their colour includes shades of grey, black and white.
4. Steller Sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
- Wingspan: 9.5 metres
- Weight: 9 kg
- Location: East Asia
They were named after German naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller. They are the heaviest with an average weight of 9 kg and feed on a diet mainly consisting of fish and water birds. They can be recognised by their large yellow and powerful beak.
5. White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
- Wingspan: 2 to 2.4 metres
- Weight: 3.5 to 7 kg
- Location: Russia, Norway
It is the hugest in Europe and is found in different habitats across Russia and Northern Japan. They tend to keep close to the water and flock in coastal areas during the winter. They can be identified by their brown bodies, bright white tail, brown beak and feet. They mainly eat fish, but as opportunistic feeders, they also hunt for small animals such as squirrels and hares.
6. Bald eagle (Haliaeetus Leucocephalus)
- Wingspan: 1.8 to 2.3 metres
- Weight: 3 to 6.3 kg
- Location: North America
They are one of the biggest and most easily recognisable birds due to their brown feathers, white head and tail. It is mainly found near lakes, rivers and other large water bodies and feeds mainly on fish, small mammals and snakes. Their name comes from the appearance of their white feathered head.
7. Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
- Wingspan: 1.8 to 2.3 metres
- Weight: 3.6 to 6.8 kg (female)/2.7 to 4.6 kg (male)
- Location: Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North America
They are native to the northern hemisphere are mainly found in the northern regions. They are huge birds but also fast achieving top speeds of up to 150 mph when in the top flight. Their diet consists mainly of hares, rabbits and ground squirrels. It is an official national animal in Mexico, Kazakhstan, Austria and Germany.
8. Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)
- Wingspan: 1.88 to 2.6 metres
- Weight: 3 to 6 kg
- Location: Africa
They are the hugest in Sub-Saharan Africa. It's a powerful bird that prefers the open savannas. It hunts prey as big as small antelopes, monkeys and other reptiles. Its plumage includes dark brown colouration on its upper parts with greyish/blackish feathers. They also have brown spots on their underparts.
9. Wedge-tailed eagle (Aquila Audax)
- Wingspan: 1.7 to 2.3 metres
- Weight: 3.2 to 5.3 kg
- Location: Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea
They are the biggest in the region and can be found in the sea level to the mountainous regions. They build their nests on the highest trees with a good view of surrounding areas and feed on rabbits, hares and small birds while also taking advantage of road kills. They can be identified by the wedge tail, white feet, a pale beak and dark brown colour around their eyes.
10. Verreaux’s Eagle (Aquila verreauxii)
- Wingspan: 1.8 to 2.3 metres
- Weight: 3 to 5 kg
- Location: Africa and the Arabian Peninsula
These are huge and spectacular birds. They are found mainly in rocky mountainous regions and hunt for small mammals including rats, monkeys and snakes. They are distinctive with their dark feathers and white V on their backs.
- How big is the largest eagle? The largest in the world is Steller's Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus), which weighs 5-9 kg (11-20 lb.) and has a wing span of 2.2-2.45 m (7 ft. 2 in-8 ft. 0.3 in).
- Which is bigger Harpy or Philippine eagle? They are almost similar in size but the Philippine eagle can achieve more length and weight making it bigger.
- Who is the king of eagle in the world? The Philippine Eagle is referred to as the king of the birds.
- Where is the largest eagle in the world located? The giant Philippine eagle is the largest species located in the Philippines.
- What is the rarest eagle in the world? The Philippine eagle is the rarest species and is considered critically endangered.
- What is the second largest eagle in the world? The Steller's sea eagle.
- What is the largest eagle in North America? The golden eagle is the largest carnivorous bird in North America.
- What is the strongest eagle in the world? The Harpy eagle is the strongest with the ability to lift prey equal to its weight.
- What is the largest and rarest eagle in the world? The Great Philippine Eagle is the largest and most endangered species.
The largest eagle in the world is iconic and impressive bird of prey due to its sheer size and powerful sight. It is no surprise that various countries are adopting them as national animals. Most species are, however, endangered due to changes in habitat and loss of prey due to human activities. There is need to increase conservation efforts to save these mighty birds.
Yen.com.gh also shared an interesting list of ten of the most beautiful animals. The world supports a large biodiversity that is amazing ranging from the animals on land, sea and air. They all have unique appearances with some beautifully created to perfection while others can be scary to look at.
It is almost impossible to have a consensus on the cutest animal on the planet due to different features being considered. Many animals would still satisfy the criteria and have made it to the list.