The creation of all the 16 regions in Ghana and their capitals has brought the end of the many petitions which go as far back as 1954. This came to be on Tuesday, February 12, 2019, under president Akufo-Addo administration. Some leaders have confirmed that progress has been noted by the people.
Ghana had to hold a referendum in some parts to carve new regions. This was after the president promised his people better govern-ship from within in 2016 when he was campaigning. All areas had 90 percent or more approval from its beloved citizens.
Regions in Ghana and their capitals
The egions in Ghana and their capitals are as illustrated below;
1. The Greater Accra Region
Accra which is also referred to as the Port City is not only a money-making hub but the capital of the nation too. It has the highest residents among all parts of Ghana with a populace of 4,010,054 individuals. The district is the smallest in contrast with alternate areas with a territory of 3,245 square kilometres. Additionally, the city has 16 districts.
2. The Central Region
The Capital city of this region is Cape Coast. It was ideal for harbouring such a significant number of slaves when servitude was wild in Africa. Notably, slaves were sent to this district to work, and they just left after the subjection time was finished. With a size greater than the Capital city Accra, the Central region traverses a territory of 9,826 square kilometres. It has 17 districts with a populace of around 2,201,863 individuals.
3. The Eastern Region
The region’s capital is Koforidua with a size of 19,323 square kilometres. It sits beautifully on the eastern side of the nation. The Akans are the principal tenants of the area and Akan, Ewe and English are the real dialects in this region of 26 districts. The Eastern Region is known to be home to the Akosombo Dam, one of the biggest dams in the continent supplying power to its occupants. Notably, the region has a populace of 2,633,154 Ghanaians.
4. The Western Region
The region’s capital is Sekondi – Tekoradi, located towards the south of Ghana and has the Ivory Coast as one of its fringes. It is shockingly where unrefined petroleum was found in expansive amounts in June 2007.
The locale likewise has the most noteworthy rainfalls in Ghana. What's more, gold mining (small/large scale) happens there also. The Western Region covers an area of 23,921 square kilometres with a population of 2,376,021 residents in 22 districts. The primary dialects in this region are English and Akan, as Akan rules the way of life.
5. The Ashanti Region
This region is the third biggest area of the 10 regions in Ghana with Kumasi as the capital city. Involving a surface territory of 24,389 square kilometres of the aggregate land, it is the most populous in the entire of Ghana. The region has an extraordinary 4,780,380 populace as of the 2010 statistics. The area is significantly known for gold bar and the generation of cocoa which is the biggest fare that the nation gives. Regions of Ghana map isolate the area into 30 districts.
6. The Northern Region
It is the largest in the area among the 16 regions in Ghana and their capitals, with a settling size of 70,384 square kilometres. The region’s capital city is Tamale, and around 75% of the financial movement is in agriculture. Shockingly, the Northern Region is considerably drier than others in the list of regions in Ghana. It has a population of 2,479,461 and 26 districts within it.
7. The Upper East Region
With 13 districts, the locale is situated on the northern sides of Ghana. The region is the second smallest among the ten. Involving a surface area of 8,842 square kilometres makes it the second smallest by measure. The capital city is Bolgatanga, which is generally alluded as (Bolga). It has a populace of 1,046,545, despite the size.
8. The Upper West Region
Situated in the northwest segment of Ghana, it is the most youthful locale to be made, and as though that isn't sufficient it has a short capital name. The Capital of the Upper West Region is Wa. Covering an area of 18,476 square kilometres and home to a populace of 702,110 residents, the region has the most modest number of inhabitants among all regions of Ghana. Additionally, it has 11 districts under it.
9. The Volta Region
With Ho as its capital, this is one of the areas that are multi-ethnic and multilingual. Notably, the region is home to communities such as Ewe, the Guan, and Akan. It has a populace of around 2,118,252 residents living in a region of 20,570 square kilometres. The Volta Region has 25 districts.
10. The Brong Ahafo Region
With an area of 39,557 square kilometres, this region is the second-largest among the regions of Ghana and their capitals. The region is located adjacent to the Black Volta River to the north and Volta Lake toward the east.
The capital of this region is Suyani. This region was established from Bono State in the year 1958. The residents of the area are the Akans, Brongs, and Ahafo. The Brong Ahafo Region has 21 districts and a population of 2,310,983 residents.
Here are the names of new regions in Ghana.
Oti Region is one of the six newly formed regions. President Nana Akuffo-Addo declared its administrative capital as Dambai on 15th February 2019. It is situated at the centre of the Northern region, Volta Region, and the Volta Lake. Also, the Lake Volta is among the largest man-made lakes in the globe since it covers an approximate area of 8,502 square kilometres.
As of 2019, the region is projected to have a populace of 742,664 people.
It comprises of 8 districts namely:
- Nkonya Ahenkro
- Krachi East
- Krachi West
- Nkwanta North
- Nkwanta South
The region is inhabited by various tribes that engage in trading, fishing, farming, and raising cattle.
12.Western North Region
Sefwi Wiawso is the capital of the Western North Region. It is just about 2,391 square kilometres, which could be 10 percent of the nation’s total land area. It lies in the middle of the Central Region, Ivory Coast, the Brong-Ahafo Regions, and to the South is the Gulf of Guinea. It is the wettest area among the regions in Ghana and their districts since it receives the highest rainfall.
It is located at the equatorial climatic zone, which is considered to have rational temperatures. It has a population of 1,924,577 citizens. Believers have the freedom of worship. The area is home to both Muslims (8.5) and Christians (81%), who are the main religious groups.
The constituencies that make up the Western North Region are listed below:
- Aowin Municipal
- Bia East
- Bia West
- Sefwi Akontombra
- Sefwi Bibiani-Anhwiaso-Bekwai
Sefwi, Akan, French, and English are the core languages spoken in the Western North part.
North East area is among the new current regions in the country. It is positioned north of Ghana and its capital is Nalerigu in the East Mamprusi Municipal. On the north, it borders the Upper East part, on the east lies the Eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south is the Northern area, and the west is the Upper West Region. Reminiscent of the rest of the new areas, it was carved out of an existing part, which is the Northern Region.
Here are the six municipals and assemblies that form up the North-East part:
- East Mamprusi Municipality
- West Mamprusi Municipality
- Mamprugu Moagduri
- Chereponi District Assemblies
It has a populace of 575,558 people and occupies an area of 9,072 square kilometres. Several attractions are also present in the area where tourists visit when they are up the country like Buyuori Cave, Shrine in Wulugu, Mossi kings in Gambaga, NaYiri Palace in Nalerigu, Gambaga Escarpment, and Savannah.
Savannah is one of the names of the 16 regions in Ghana and yet the largest of all. This came to effect on 12th February 2019 after President Akufo-Addo, presented the document of Attestation. Damongo is the capital of the new area. Islam is the most popular religion in the area.
Its population is less dense compared to other parts since it has 581,368 residents and occupies an area of 35,862 square kilometres.
Savannah's six districts.
- North Gonja
- West Gonja
- East Gonja Municipality
- The Central Gonja
15. Bono East Region
Bono East Region is a new region created from the existing Brong Ahafo. It has Techiman as its capital. The Northern part borders the area to the north, on the east is the Volta Lake, by the west is the Bono area and on the south is the Ashanti part. It covers an area size of about 22,220 square kilometres, with a population of 1,179,649.
Here are the 11 districts:
- Techiman Municipality
- Techiman North
- Kintampo North Municipality
- Kintampo South
- Nkoranza North
- Nkoranza South
- Pru West
- Pru East
- Sene West
- Sene East
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President Akufo-Addo, said Goaso is the capital of the Ahafo Region. They are to receive GHC 20 million as the initial money for development reminiscent of new regions across the republic.
Here is a list of the districts:
- Tano South Municipality
- Tano North Municipality
- Asunafo North
- Asunafo South
- Asutifi North
- Asutifi South
The part covers 5,193 square kilometres, with a population of 599,852 natives.
There you have it, the 16 regions in Ghana and their capitals. Ghana is considered as a stable country in the west of Africa which is among the peaceful ones on the continent.