- Country: Ghana
- Administrative region: Ashanti Region
- Area: 254 km²
- Population: 3,768,000 (estimate in 2023)
Kumasi, situated in the south-central region of Ghana, serves as the Ashanti Region's proud capital. As one of Ghana's largest metropolitan hubs, it boasts an illustrious reputation as the cultural and historical nucleus of the ancient Ashanti Empire.
Throughout the 17th to 19th centuries, this empire held sway over vast territories in West Africa. Famed for its profusion of diverse flora and vegetation, Kumasi has earned the affectionate moniker "The Garden City."
Location and Climate
- Kumasi is located in a rainforest region near Lake Bosomtwi, which is a natural lake formed by a meteorite impact.
- Kumasi is about 500km north of the Equator, 200km north of the Gulf of Guinea, and 255 kilometres from Accra (by car).
- Kumasi has a wet and dry climate, with an average annual rainfall of about 1400 mm and an average temperature of about 26°C.
- Kumasi has two rainy seasons: from March to July and from September to November.
- Kumasi has a short dry season from December to February.
History and Culture
Kumasi was founded in the late 17th century by Osei Tutu, the first king of the Ashanti Empire, who named it after a kum tree where he conducted land negotiations.
Kumasi was the seat of power and the spiritual home of the Asante people, who resisted British colonial rule and fought several wars against them.
Kumasi was largely destroyed by the British in 1874 but was rebuilt and regained some of its former glory in the 20th century.
Kumasi is still the residence of the Asantehene, the traditional ruler of the Asante, who holds court at the Manhyia Palace.
Kumasi is a centre of Asante culture, which is rich in art, music, dance, festivals, and traditions.
Kumasi is famous for its kente cloth, a colourful woven fabric that is worn on special occasions and has symbolic meanings.
Kumasi is also known for its gold jewellery, wood carvings, brass works, pottery, and leather goods.
Hotels in Kumasi
Kumasi offers a range of accommodation options to cater to both business and leisure travellers. Some notable hotels include:
- Golden Tulip Kumasi City: A luxurious hotel in the city centre, known for its excellent service and amenities.
- Miklin Hotel: A mid-range hotel offering comfortable rooms and a friendly atmosphere.
- NODA Hotel: A budget-friendly option with clean rooms and a convenient location.
Education in Kumasi
Kumasi is an educational hub in Ghana, with many schools and universities that cater to various levels and fields of study. Some of the notable educational institutions in Kumasi are:
- The Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) - is one of the leading universities in Ghana and Africa that specialises in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).
- The Opoku Ware School (OWASS) - is one of the best secondary schools in Ghana that offers quality education in arts, sciences, and business.
- The Yaa Asantewaa Girls' Senior High School (YAGSHS) - is one of the top girls' schools in Ghana that promotes academic excellence and leadership skills.
- The Kumasi High School (KUHIS) - is one of the oldest boys' schools in Ghana that fosters discipline and moral values.